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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patient population

From: Speckle tracking echocardiography in patients with septic shock: a case control study (SPECKSS)

  Study group
(n = 33)
Control group
(n = 29)
P value
Age, mean (years) 62.2 57.9 0.367
Female sex 12 (36.4 %) 12 (41.4 %) 0.686
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean 22.3 22.1 0.826
Hypertension 11 (33.3 %) 8 (27.6 %) 0.624
Diabetes mellitus 8 (24.2 %) 6 (20.7 %) 0.739
Ischemic heart disease 0 (0 %) 1 (3.4 %) 0.282
Chronic renal failure 3 (9.1 %) 2(6.9 %) 0.752
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor 5 (15.2 %) 4 (13.8 %) 0.880
Angiotensin receptor blocker 0 (0 %) 1 (3.4 %) 0.282
Beta blocker 6 (18.2 %) 1 (3.4 %) 0.067
Calcium channel blocker 7 (21.2 %) 3 (10.3 %) 0.246
Diuretic 1 (3 %) 1 (3.4 %) 0.926
Statin 2 (6.1 %) 4 (13.8 %) 0.304
Oxygen saturation, % 97.7 % 97.7 % 0.919
Body temperature (oC), mean 37.3 37.5 0.195
Glasgow coma scale, mean score 11.8 15 <0.001*
Bacteremia 15 (45.5 %) 3 (10.7 %) 0.027*
 - Gram positive 2 (6.1 %) 0 (0 %)  
 - Gram negative 12 (36.4 %) 3 (10.7 %)  
 - Others 1 (3 %) 0 (0 %)  
Renal replacement therapy 4 (12.1 %) 0 (0 %) 0.053*
Mechanical ventilation 17 (51.5 %) 0 (0 %) <0.001*
 - Non-invasive ventilation 1 (3 %) 0 (0 %)  
 - Invasive mechanical ventilation 16 (48.5 %) 0 (0 %)  
SOFA score, mean 10.2 1.6 <0.001*
  1. Results are presented as number of patients (percentage within group in parentheses) unless stated otherwise. SOFA sequential organ failure assessment. *P < 0.05