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Table 3 Flow rate available with peripheral intravenous site according to catheter size and with intra-osseous access according to insertion site

From: Use of intra-osseous access in adults: a systematic review

Studies Flow rate (mL/min)
Insyte Autogard®* (Becton Dickinson, Sandy, UT, USA) 14 Gauge: 330
16 Gauge: 193
18 Gauge: 95
20 Gauge: 61
Hammer et al., 2015 [15]** EZ-IO tibia: 27 ± 5/69 ± 54
EZ-IO humerus: 16 ± 3/60 ± 44
FAST1 sternum: 53 ± 2/112 ± 47
Ong et al., 2009 [36]** EZ-IO tibia: 73 ± 35/165 ± 112
EZ-IO humerus: 84 ± 38/153 ± 65
  1. *Maximum flow rate available (information provided by the manufacturer)
  2. **Flow rate without/with pressure bag inflated at 300 mmHg