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Table 3 Patient characteristics according to survivors, early death, and late death

From: Reversal of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio in early versus late death from septic shock

  Survivors (n = 76) (1) Early death (n = 33) (2) Late death (n = 21) (3) p Value (2) vs (1 + 3) p Value (2) vs (3)
Age, yr 70.7 (57.9–81.7) 74.7 (65–81.9) 77.9 (64.4–85.7) 0.57 0.38
Female 31 (40.8) 14 (42.4) 9 (42.9) 0.9 0.97
Male 45 (59.2) 19 (57.6) 12 (57.1)   0.97
Comorbidities
 CAD 14 (18.4) 7 (21.2) 3 (14.3) 0.64 0.51
 Diabetes 16 (21.1) 5 (15.2) 7 (33.3) 0.30 0.12
 COPD 8 (10.5) 3 (9.1) 2 (9.5) 0.84 0.96
 Cancer/immunosuppression 19 (25) 8 (24.2) 6 (28.6) 0.86 0.73
 Charlson comorbidity index score 5 (3–6) 5 (4–6) 5 (4–7) 0.15 0.97
Severity and outcome
 SAPS II 44 (39.8–54) 64 (56–76) 55 (49–61) <0.0001 0.003
 SOFA score at admission 7 (5.8–9) 13 (10–16) 8 (6–9) <0.0001 0.0004
 In-ICU LOS 7 (4–11.2) 2 (1–2) 14 (10–22) <0.0001 <0.0001
 Hospital-acquired infection 12 (15.8) 3 (9.1) 14 (66.7) 0.035 <0.0001
Cell counts at admission
 Neutrophils, 109/L 9.7 (5.5–16.5) 6.9 (2.5–16.3) 10.9 (6.1–13.2) 0.15 0.25
 Lymphocytes, 109/L 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.9 (0.6–1.6) 1.2 (0.9–2) 0.35 0.17
 NLCR 12.5 (6.5–21.2) 5 (3.5–11.6) 7 (4–12.9) 0.011 0.41
  1. Abbreviations: CAD coronary artery disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, SAPS II Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay, NLCR neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio
  2. Continuous variables are expressed as median with interquartile range or count with percentage, as appropriate