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Table 3 Mean (SE) inpatient resource use and costs per patient

From: Quantifying the healthcare costs of treating severely bleeding major trauma patients: a national study for England

Resource Frequency (%) or mean (SE) n = 441 Per patient cost mean (SE) n = 441
Pre-hospital transporta   
 Ambulance transport to hospital 272/441 (62 %) --
 Helicopter transport to hospital 139/441 (31 %) --
 Ambulance and helicopter transport 26/441 (6 %) --
 Total cost of emergency transport -- £842.76 (£39.52)
Emergency Department   
 ED admission 1.00 (0.00) £319.00 (£0.00)
 Time in ED (hours) 2.96 (0.11) £72.02 (£3.02)
 Seen by A&E Consultant 354/441 (80 %) £97.10 (£2.30)
 Attended by trauma team 349/441 (79 %) £339.76 (£9.40)
Theatre admissions   
Theatre admission recorded   
 0 theatre admissions 205/441 (47 %) --
 1 theatre admission 158/441 (36 %) --
 2 theatre admissions 37/441 (8 %) --
 3+ theatre admissions 41/441 (9 %) --
 Total time in theatre (hours) 3.58 (0.24) £3,154.53 (£214.02)
Intensive care   
 Time in intensive care (days)b 7.93 (0.54) £4,895.20 (£333.31)
Ward stay   
 Time in non-ICU wards (days)b 19.58 (1.21) £4,619.05 (£286.19)
Ventilated inpatient days   
 Time on ventilation (days)b 3.23 (0.41) £2,779.80 (£355.37)
Haematology and clotting tests   
 Full blood count 1.76 (0.07) £5.95 (£0.23)
 Fibrinogen 0.81 (0.08) £3.94 (£0.41)
 APTT 1.05 (0.09) £3.55 (£0.30)
 PT 1.32 (0.08) £4.48 (£0.27)
 INR 0.51 (0.07) £1.72 (£0.23)
 APTTR 0.29 (0.06) £0.99 (£0.19)
Imaging investigations   
 CT scan 1.51 (0.07) £101.94 (£4.79)
 X-ray 1.72 (0.11) £68.71 (£4.59)
 Ultrasound 0.08 (0.01) £4.85 (£0.86)
 MRI 0.06 (0.01) £5.03 (£1.08)
Blood components transfused in the first 24 hours   
 PRBCs 9.87 (0.38) £1,237.19 (£48.07)
 FFP 4.92 (0.28) £145.03 (£8.24)
 Platelets 0.96 (0.08) £204.59 (£16.47)
 Cryoprecipitate 0.74 (0.08) £143.07 (£15.86)
 Beriplex 0 (0) £0.00 (£0.00)
Blood components transfused after 24 hours   
 PRBCs 2.61 (0.24) £326.77 (£29.99)
 FFP 0.74 (0.14) £21.84 (£4.24)
 Platelets 0.24 (0.04) £50.79 (£8.83)
 Cryoprecipitate 0.12 (0.05) £23.84 (£8.85)
 Beriplex 0.01 (0.01) £2.29 (£2.29)
Blood components issued then wasted   
 PRBCs 0.74 (0.14) £92.35 (£17.75)
 FFP 0.84 (0.11) £24.75 (£3.19)
 Platelets 0.11 (0.03) £23.93 (£5.89)
 Cryoprecipitate 0.34 (0.06) £65.18 (£11.99)
Fluids (mLs) given in the first 24 hours   
 Dextrose 47.74 (13.07) £0.10 (£0.03)
 Colloids 564.05 (61.49) £3.02 (£0.33)
 Crystalloids 1595.74 (108.33) £2.33 (£0.15)
 Polygelatine 80.50 (19.97) £0.34 (£0.09)
 Starch 4.17 (2.87) £0.12 (£0.06)
 Hypertonic saline 381.29 (51.37) £2.82 (£0.38)
 Albumin 8.62 (6.12) £0.71 (£0.44)
 Hartmann’s 1141.43 (95.80) £2.05 (£0.17)
Consultant contacts   
 Neurologist 17/441 (4 %) £6.94 (£1.65)
 Cardiologist 12/441 (3 %) £3.96 (£1.13)
 General surgeon 42/441 (10 %) £12.71 (£1.87)
Pro-coagulants   
 Factor VIIa 6/441 (1 %) £13.54 (£5.49)
 Vitamin K 1/441 (<1 %) £0.01 (£0.01)
 Ambulance for patients transferred/discharged to another acute hospital/institution 76/441 (17 %) £39.64 (£4.14)
Total inpatient healthcare costs -- £19,770.29 (£810.44) (95 % CI: £18,176.83 to £21,363.74)
  1. A&E Accident and Emergency, APTT Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, APTTR Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Ratio, CT Computed Tomography, ED Emergency Department, FFP Fresh Frozen Plasma, INR International Normalised Ratio, ICU Intensive Care Unit, mLs Millilitres, MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging, PRBCs Packed Red Blood Cells, PT Prothrombin Time, SE Standard Error
  2. aFour patients arrived via own transport
  3. bIncludes estimates of ICU/ward stay/ventilation in acute hospitals to which patients were discharged or transferred