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Table 2 Hemodynamic and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with intraventricular obstruction before and after fluid infusion

From: Early dynamic left intraventricular obstruction is associated with hypovolemia and high mortality in septic shock patients

  Before After p value
Heart rate (beats/minute) 109 ± 25 102 ± 22 ns
Systolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 110 ± 28 141 ± 32 <0.01
Diastolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 54 ± 11 65 ± 14 <0.01
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 71 ± 16 89 ± 1 <0.01
Cardiac output (l/minute) 4.6 ± 1.9 5.8 ± 2.1 <0.01
Cardiac index (l/minute/m2) 2.4 ± 0.9 3 ± 1 <0.01
Stroke volume (ml) 43 ± 18 58 ± 22 <0.01
Indexed stroke volume (ml/m2) 23 ± 10 31 ± 11 <0.01
Intraventricular obstruction (m/s) 1.9 ± 0.9 1 ± 1 <0.01
Intraventricular obstruction (mmHg) 18 ± 18 8 ± 13 <0.01
Inferior vena cava diameter (mm) 16 ± 6.4 18 ± 6.6 ns
E/A 0.8 ± 0.46 0.9 ± 0.3 ns
E’ (cm/s) 14 ± 5 16 ± 5 ns
E’/A’ 0.77 ± 0.26 0.87 ± 0.37 ns
E/E’ 5.8 ± 2.1 6.8 ± 1.8 ns
  1. A late velocity of diastolic mitral flow, A’ late velocity of diastolic mitral annulus motion, E early diastolic velocity of mitral flow, E’ early velocity of diastolic mitral annulus motion, ns not significant