Skip to main content

Thromboembolic risks of recombinant factor VIIa use in warfarin-associated intracranial hemorrhage

Introduction

Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) may produce rapid hemostasis in warfarin-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (WICH) but may carry high thromboembolic risks. We compared baseline thromboembolic risk factors and thromboembolism rates in WICH patients treated with rFVIIa to those treated with FFP and vitamin K alone.

Methods

We identified 45 consecutive WICH patients treated with rFVIIa and 34 treated with FFP and vitamin K, and compared their incidence of pre-existing thromboembolic risk factors, troponin elevation, EKG changes, ischemic stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), and deep vein thromboses (DVT).

Results

Both rFVIIa-treated and control WICH patients have high prevalence of pre-existing thromboembolic risk factors including atrial fibrillation (73% vs. 68%), DVT/PE (10% vs. 6%), coronary artery disease (CAD) (38% vs. 32%), and abnormal EKG (78% vs. 85%). Troponin elevation is common in WICH and incidence of troponin elevation (47% vs. 41%) and clinically significant myocardial infarction (MI) (13% vs. 6%) are similar between treatment groups. Past history of CAD (P = 0.0061) and baseline abnormal EKG (P = 0.02) were independently associated with clinically significant MI following WICH. Incidence of DVT/PE (2% vs. 9%) and ischemic stroke (2% vs. 0%) are comparable between rFVIIa-treated and control groups. Recombinant FVIIa-treated patients had lower mean INR at 3 (P = 0.0001) and 6 hours (P < 0.0001) and received fewer units of FFP transfusion (3 vs. 5; P = 0.003).

Conclusions

Recombinant FVIIa use in WICH is not associated with increased thromboembolic complications compared with FFP and vitamin K alone and may decrease the quantity of FFP use. A prospective randomized study is necessary to determine whether rFVIIa improves outcome of WICH.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S Chou.

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chou, S., Cai, X., Konigsberg, R. et al. Thromboembolic risks of recombinant factor VIIa use in warfarin-associated intracranial hemorrhage. Crit Care 15, P433 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc9853

Download citation

Keywords

  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Ischemic Stroke
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Thromboembolic Complication