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Plasma free cortisol and b-type natriuretic peptide in septic shock

Introduction

Previous studies of patients with septic shock have independently demonstrated alterations in plasma concentrations of b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and plasma free cortisol (PFC). Previous data suggest that a reciprocal relationship might exist. However, the relationship between these hormones in patients with septic shock is unclear. We sought to compare paired measurement of both BNP and PFC in a preliminary study of septic shock patients.

Methods

Twenty-one consecutive adult patients from a tertiary-level, multidisciplinary ICU underwent blood collection within 72 hours of developing septic shock.

Results

Mean ± SD APACHE III score was 80.1 ± 23.8. Hospital mortality was 29%. Log PFC demonstrated positive correlation with log BNP (r = 0.55; P = 0.019). Log PFC also correlated with APACHE III (r = 0.67; P < 0.001) and norepinephrine dose (r = 0.55; P = 0.01). APACHE III (P = 0.001) and norepinephrine dose (P = 0.02) were independent predictors of PFC. A model incorporating both variables explained 68% of variation in PFC (R2 = 0.682).

Conclusions

This preliminary study of patients with septic shock demonstrates a modest positive correlation between PFC and BNP concentration. The APACHE III score and norepinephrine dose were independent predictors of PFC.

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Correspondence to D Sturgess.

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Sturgess, D., Venkatesh, B. Plasma free cortisol and b-type natriuretic peptide in septic shock. Crit Care 15, P410 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc9830

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Keywords

  • Plasma Concentration
  • Cortisol
  • Norepinephrine
  • Independent Predictor
  • Septic Shock