- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Global cerebral edema and brain metabolism after subarachnoid hemorrhage
© Helbok and Claassen 2011
- Published: 1 March 2011
- Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
- Cerebral Perfusion Pressure
- Brain Glucose
- Transcranial Doppler Sonography
- Tissue Oxygen Tension
Global cerebral edema (GCE) is common amongst poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients and associated with poor outcome. Currently no targeted therapy exists largely due to an incomplete understanding of the underlying mechanisms.
This is a prospective observational study including 39 consecutive poor-grade SAH patients with multimodal neuromonitoring. Levels of microdialysate lactate/pyruvate ratio (LPR), episodes of cerebral metabolic crisis (MC; LPR >40 and brain glucose <0.7 mmol/l), brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and transcranial Doppler sonography flow velocities were analyzed.
Median age was 54 years (45 to 61) and 62% were female. Patients with GCE on admission (n = 24, 62%) had a higher incidence of MC in the first 12 hours of monitoring than those without GCE (n = 15; 15% vs. 2%, P < 0.05) and during the total time of neuromonitoring (20% vs. 3%, P < 0.001). There was no difference in PbtO2 and CPP between the groups; however, in patients with GCE a higher CPP was associated with lower LPR (P < 0.05). Episodes of crisis were associated with poor outcome (modified Rankin Score 5 or 6, P < 0.05).
In poor-grade SAH patients, GCE is associated with early brain metabolic distress. Optimizing cerebral blood flow and homeostasis early after SAH may prove beneficial for patients with GCE.