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Factors associated with non-invasive ventilation response on the first day of therapy in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure


Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) decreases the need for mechanical ventilation in the early period of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure and factors for success have been studied well. On the other hand, little is known about what kind of factors influence the NIV response in the subacute period. This study aimed to determine the factors influencing PaCO2 reduction below 50 mmHg in the first 24 hours of therapy.


In this retrospective study we investigated the differences in NIV strategies and patient characteristics between the responsive group (PaCO2 levels drop below 50 mmHg in first 24 hours) (group 2) and the nonresponsive group (group 1).


In 34% of the patients, PaCO2 reduced to below 50 mmHg in first 24 hours. There were no significant differences between the length of NIV application time and ICU stay, intubations and mortality rates, across the groups. Despite a significantly higher level of pressure support usage in group 1 than in group 2, PaCO2 did not reduce below 50 mmHg in group 1 within the first 24 hours. While 91% of the responsive group had received nocturnal NIV therapy, only 74% of the nonresponsive group had received NIV therapy all night long (P = 0.036). The home ventilation usage rate was significantly higher in the nonresponsive group than the responsive group.


Results of this study showed that, although nocturnal application of NIV in the ICU is associated with a faster drop rate in PaCO2 levels, the higher pressure support requirement and prior home ventilation usage are predictors for late and poorer response to NIV.

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Gürsel, G., Aydoğdu, M., Taşyürek, S. et al. Factors associated with non-invasive ventilation response on the first day of therapy in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure. Crit Care 15 (Suppl 1), P150 (2011).

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  • Pressure Support
  • Ventilation Response
  • Nonresponsive Group
  • Support Usage
  • Support Requirement