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Table 3 Characteristics of 1,955 study participants who received crystalloid, colloid or blood products (patients who recevied more than one fluid type are included more than once)

From: Resuscitation fluid use in critically ill adults: an international cross-sectional study in 391 intensive care units

  Crystalloid   Colloid   Blood Products  
  Given
( N = 782)
Not given
( N = 1,173)
P -value* Given
( N = 1,234)
Not given
( N = 721)
P -value Given
( N = 717)
Not given
( N = 1,238)
P -value
Patient characteristic          
Age, yrs (mean, SD) 60.3 (17.7) 61.2 (17.1) 0.3 61.7 (16.9) 59.3 (18.1) 0.003 60.0 (17.9) 61.3 (17.1) 0.09
Sex (% male, n) 64.3 (502) 64.3 (754) 0.99 64.6 (797) 63.7 (459) 0.7 64.2 (460) 64.4 (796) 0.9
Number of days in ICU at survey date (median, IQR) 1 (0,8) 4 (1,11) < 0.001 3 (0,10) 3 (0,11) 0.6 3 (1,10) 2 (0,10) 0.09
APACHE II score in 24 hrs prior to survey date (mean, SD) 16.5 (8.7) 16.1 (8.4) 0.3 16.2 (8.6) 16.4 (8.4) 0.7 17.0 (8.7) 15.9 (8.4) 0.004
Patient characteristic: comparison of percentage of patients given or not given each fluid type who had the following characteristic
Hospital admission for trauma, n = 234% (N) 14.4 (112) 10.4 (122) 0.009 11.0 (135) 13.8 (99) 0.07 13.7 (98) 11.0 (136) 0.08
Hospital admission for trauma with brain injury, n = 81% (N) 5.2 (41) 3.4 (40) 0.05 3.8 (47) 4.7 (34) 0.3 4.9 (35) 3.7 (46) 0.2
Sepsis in 24 hrs prior to survey date, n = 642% (N) 27.8 (216) 36.6 (426) < 0.001 36.4 (445) 27.5 (197) < 0.001 33.3 (237) 33.0 (405) 0.9
APACHE II in 24 hrs prior to survey date > 15, n = 957% (N) 49.6 (384) 49.7 (573) 0.96 48.4 (588) 51.9 (369) 0.1 54.2 (381) 47.1 (576) 0.003
APACHE II Chronic health points          
   Chronic health points liver criteria, n = 107% (N) 5.2 (40) 5.8 (67) 0.6 6.1 (74) 4.6 (33) 0.2 6.1 (43) 5.3 (64) 0.4
   Chronic health points renal criteria, n = 88% (N) 4.4 (34) 4.7 (54) 0.8 4.0 (49) 5.5 (39) 0.1 5.5 (39) 4.0 (49) 0.1
   Chronic health points cardiac criteria, n = 151% (N) 7.8 (60) 7.9 (91) 0.96 8.4 (102) 6.9 (49) 0.2 7.9 (56) 7.8 (95) 0.9
   Chronic health points respiratory criteria, n = 203% (N) 10.8 (83) 10.4 (120) 0.8 10.6 (128) 10.5 (75) 0.97 9.6 (68) 11.1 (135) 0.3
   Chronic health points immunocompromised, n = 164% (N) 6.9 (53) 9.6 (111) 0.04 8.2 (100) 9.0 (64) 0.6 10.3 (73) 7.5 (91) 0.03
Admission source: comparison of percentage of patients from each source given or not given each fluid type
Admission source    < 0.001    < 0.001    0.02
Operating room after elective surgery, n = 489% (N) 38.5 (188) 61.6 (301)   67.3 (329) 32.7 (160)   40.1 (196) 59.9 (293)  
Hospital floor, n = 432% (N) 31.9 (138) 68.1 (294)   67.1 (290) 32.9 (142)   37.0 (160) 63.0 (272)  
Transfer from other ICU or hospital, n = 230% (N) 38.3 (88) 61.7 (142)   57.8 (133) 42.2 (97)   38.7 (89) 61.3 (141)  
Operating room after emergency surgery, n = 283% (N) 43.8 (124) 56.2 (159)   67.8 (192) 32.2 (91)   35.3 (100) 64.7 (183)  
Emergency room, n = 331% (N) 55.0 (182) 45.0 (149)   53.8 (178) 46.2 (153)   28.7 (95) 71.3 (236)  
Hospital floor after previous ICU stay, n = 184% (N) 31.5 (58) 68.5 (126)   58.2 (107) 41.9 (77)   40.8 (75) 59.2 (109)  
  1. P- values highlighted where < 0.1 and hence eligible to be included in multivariate analysis
  2. *P-values calculated using chi2 for proportions, t-tests for means and Kruskal Wallis test for non-parametric data