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Table 2 Characteristics of 1,955 patients who received fluid resuscitation and indications for the 4,488 episodes of fluid resuscitation

From: Resuscitation fluid use in critically ill adults: an international cross-sectional study in 391 intensive care units

Demographic characteristics N= 1955  
Age, yrs (mean, SD) 60.8 (17.4)  
Sex (% male, N) 64.3 (1,256)  
Admission characteristics   
No of days in ICU at survey date (median, IQR) 3 (0, 10)  
Hospital admission for trauma (%, N) 12.0 (234)  
Sepsis in 24 hrs prior to survey date (%, N) 33.1 (642)  
APACHE II in 24 hrs prior to survey date (mean, SD) 16.3 (8.5)  
Died in ICU/hospital at ≤ 28 days (%, N) 16.1 (304)  
Admission source   
% Operating room after elective surgery 25.1 (489)  
% Hospital floor 22.2 (432)  
% Transfer from other ICU or hospital 11.8 (230)  
% Operating room after emergency surgery 14.5 (283)  
% Emergency room 17.0 (331)  
% Hospital floor after previous ICU stay 9.4 (184)  
Indication for fluid in each fluid resuscitation episode N = 4,488  
% Impaired perfusion/low cardiac output (n) 39.2 (1,743)  
% Abnormal vital signs 28.5 (1,266)  
% Anaemia/bleeding/coagulopathy 18.5 (822)  
% Unit protocol 6.6 (294)  
% Other fluid losses 2.9 (131)  
% Other 4.3 (191)  
  1. Percentages are calculated as column percents. Numbers do not necessarily add to totals due to missing values.