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Table 4 Hemodynamic variables depending on whether the baseline value of the left ventricular function was either ≤45% (n = 34) or >45% (n = 71)

From: Early administration of norepinephrine increases cardiac preload and cardiac output in septic patients with life-threatening hypotension

  LVEF ≤45% LVEF >45%
  Before NE
(introduction/increase)
After NE
(introduction/increase)
Before NE
(introduction/increase)
After NE
(introduction/increase)
Heart rate, beats/min 96 ± 17 94 ± 17 93 ± 21 94 ± 20
MAP, mm Hg 54 ± 9 75 ± 9a 54 ± 7 76 ± 9a
DAP, mm Hg 38 ± 7 52 ± 9a 38 ± 6 52 ± 8a
CI, L/min/m2 2.9 ± 0.9 3.3 ± 0.9a 3.2 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 1.1a
SVI, ml/m2 32 ± 11 35 ± 12a 36 ± 13 41 ± 15a
GEDVI, ml/m2 719 ± 161 768 ± 190a 683 ± 140 731 ± 157a
CFI, per min 4.2 ± 1.4 4.4 ± 1.5 5.0 ± 1.6 5.4 ± 1.6a
SVRI, dynes/sec/cm5/m2 1,588 ± 513 2,024 ± 616a 1,435 ± 484 1,680 ± 535a
  1. CFI, cardiac function index; CI, cardiac index; DAP, diastolic arterial pressure; GEDVI, global end-diastolic volume index; HR, heart rate; LVEF, left ventricular function; MAP, mean arterial pressure; NE, norepinephrine; SVI, stroke volume index; SVRI, index of systemic vascular resistance.
  2. aP < 0.05 vs. before norepinephrine.