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Table 4 Conditions associated with hypochloraemia in the intensive care unit

From: Bench-to-bedside review: Chloride in critical illness

Chloride loss
   Diuretic therapy
   Significant gastric drainage
   Vomiting
   Chronic respiratory acidosis
Water gain in excess of chloride
   Congestive cardiac failure
   Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion
   Excessive infusion of hypotonic solutions