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Table 1 Electrolyte composition of commonly used crystalloids

From: Bench-to-bedside review: Chloride in critical illness

  Concentration (mmol/l)
  Plasma 0.9% NaCl Hartmann's Plasma-Lyte 148® Sterofundin®
Sodium 140 154 131 140 140
Potassium 5 0 5 5 4
Chloride 100 154 111 98 127
Calcium 2.2 0 2 0 2.5
Magnesium 1 0 1 1.5 1
Bicarbonate 24 0 0 0 0
Lactate 1 0 29 0 0
Acetate 0 0 0 27 24
Gluconate 0 0 0 23 0
Maleate 0 0 0 0 5
  1. Plasma-Lyte 148® from Baxter International (Deer field, IL, USA). Sterofundin® from B Braun (Melsungen, Germany).