- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Bleeding and pneumonia in intensive care unit patients given PPIs and H2RAs for prevention of stress ulcer: a meta analysis
© BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
- Published: 1 March 2010
- Intensive Care Unit
- Proton Pump Inhibitor
- Proton Pump
- Intensive Care Unit Patient
To assess the efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitor and histamine-2 receptor antagonist in ICU patients for stress ulcer prophylaxis.
Trials were identified by performing a systematic search of MEDLINE, Ebsco and CNKI. Two reviewers assessed the quality of studies and extracted data independently. Disagreement was resolved by discussion. Revman 4.2.2 software developed by the Cochrane collaboration was used for meta-analysis.
Four trials involving 771 patients were included. Meta-analyses showed that the incidence of clinically important bleeding was significantly lower in the PPI group as compared with H2RA (OR 0.45, 95% CI (0.21, 0.9), P = 0.04). The incidence of nosocomial pneumonia (OR 1.03, 95% CI (0.63, 1.70), P = 0.89) and mortality (OR 1.17, 95% CI (0.76, 1.80), P = 0.47) had no significant difference.