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  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Comparison of two insertion techniques of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway: standard versus 90° rotation in pediatric patients

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1 and
  • 2
Critical Care201014 (Suppl 1) :P215

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc8447

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Heart Rate
  • Success Rate
  • Pediatric Patient
  • Standard Technique
  • Experienced User

Introduction

This study compared two insertion techniques of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in pediatric patients.

Methods

A total of 92 pediatric patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II; age 3 to 12 years) undergoing ophthalmologic surgery were randomly allocated to the standard or rotational technique groups. In the standard technique group (n = 46), ProSeal laryngeal mask airway insertion was performed by a single experienced user using digital manipulation. In the rotational technique group (n = 46), the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway was rotated counter-clockwise through 90° in the mouth and advanced until the resistance of the hypopharynx was felt, and then straightened out in the hypopharynx (n = 80). The ease of insertion was assessed by the success rate at the first attempt. Heart rate and mean blood pressure were recorded 1 minute before and 1 minute after insertion. Postoperative complications were noted.

Results

The success rate of insertion at the first attempt was higher for the rotational technique (95.7% vs 76.1%, P < 0.001). The overall success rate - that is, successful insertion within three attempts - was 100% for the both techniques. Systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure and heart rate increased significantly with the standard technique (P <0.001). Systolic blood pressure and heart rate increased significantly with the rotational technique (P < 0.01). The incidence of blood staining (8.7% vs 23.9%, P = 0.048) was lower with the rotational technique.

Conclusions

The rotational technique is more successful than the standard technique and is associated with less pharyngeal mucosal trauma, as evidenced by a lower incidence of mucosal bleeding.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
(2)
Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea

References

  1. Hwang JW, Park HP, Lim YJ, Do SH, Lee SC, Jeon YT: Comparison of two insertion techniques of ProSeal laryngeal mask airway: standard versus 90-degree rotation. Anesthesiology 2009, 110: 905-907. 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31819b5d40PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

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