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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of critical care trauma patients categorized into no organ failure, single organ failure, and multiple organ failure

From: Multiple organ failure after trauma affects even long-term survival and functional status

  No organ failure (n = 81; 25 percent) Single organ failurea (n = 91; 28 percent) Multiple organ failureb (n = 150; 47 percent) p value
Male/femalec 68/13 72/19 127/23 0.525
Mean age, years ± SD (range)d 37 ± 17 (18–82) 44 ± 19 (18–88) 47 ± 21 (18–88) 0.002
Median ISS (range)e 18 (8–41) 24 (4–57) 28 (4–54) 0.001
ISS <16 (percent)f 26 (32) 17 (19) 16 (11) <0.001
Mean SAPS II ± SD (range)d 21 ± 9 (6–46) 32 ± 14 (12–69) 48 ± 15 (14–97) <0.001
Mean length of stay in ICU, days ± SD (range)e 1.5 ± 1.1 (0.2–5.1) 4.1 ± 6.0 (0.1–48.3) 7.4 ± 6.7 (0.1–34.9) <0.001
Severe head injury (percent)f,g 7 (9) 26 (29) 89 (59) <0.001
Treatment in ICUf     
   Respirator (percent) 22 (27) 71 (78) 144 (96) <0.001
   Vasopressor (percent) 1 (1) 12 (13) 132 (88) <0.001
   Dialysis (percent) 0 1 (1) 7 (5) 0.024
  1. aSOFA score ≥3. bSOFA score ≥3 in at least two organ systems. cExact chi-squared test. dOne-way ANOVA. eExact Kruskal-Wallis test. fExact Mann-Whitney test. gHead Abbreviated Injury scale score ≥4. ICU, intensive care unit; ISS, Injury Severity Score; SAPS, Simplified Acute Physiology Score; SD, standard deviation.