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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: Burn size determines the inflammatory and hypermetabolic response

  <40% TBSA burn group (n = 43) 40–59% TBSA burn group (n = 79) 60–79% TBSA burn group (n = 46) >80% TBSA burn group (n = 21)
Age (years) 7.3 ± 0.8 7.9 ± 0.8 7.4 ± 0.7 8.8 ± 1.3
Gender (female/male) 19/24 31/48 19/27 7/14
Time to admission (days) 9 ± 2 7 ± 1 6 ± 1 3 ± 1*
Length of stay (days) 20 ± 2 26 ± 2 45 ± 5 70 ± 12*
TBSA (%) 34 ± 1 50 ± 1** 70 ± 1 87 ± 1*
Third-degree burn (%) 24 ± 2 36 ± 2** 60 ± 2 75 ± 5*
Length of stay/% TBSA (days/%) 0.55 ± 0.05 0.53 ± 0.03 0.64 ± 0.05 0.79 ± 0.13*
Operations (n) 2 ± 0.2 3 ± 0.2 6 ± 0.5 8 ± 1*
Inhalation injury (%) 30 28 46 71*
Ventilator (%) 0 10 15 35*
Infection (%) 5 18 15 19*
Sepsis (%) 0 5 24 38*
Mortality (%) 0 0 13 29*
  1. Data presented as the mean ± standard deviation or percentage. TBSA, total body surface area. * Significant difference between the >80% TBSA burn group compared with the <40% and 40–59% TBSA burn groups (P < 0.05). **Significant difference between 40–59% TBSA versus <40% TBSA burn group, P < 0.05. Significant difference between the 60–79% TBSA burn group compared with the <40% and 40–59% TBSA burn groups (P < 0.05).