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Table 2 Demographic data

From: Liver dysfunction associated with artificial nutrition in critically ill patients

  TPN EN Total p
Number of patients 303 422 725  
Women 114 (38%) 123 (29%) 237 (33%) 0.02
Age in years 66 (48–73) 61 (45–71) 63 (47–72) 0.01
APACHE II score 17 (12–22) 19 (13–23) 18 (12–22) 0.08
MODS 5 (3–8) 5 (3–7) 5 (3–7) 0.95
Primary diagnosis     0.001
   Gastrointestinal surgery 145 33 178  
   Respiratory failure 21 112 133  
   Stroke 22 103 125  
   Cardiovascular 36 50 86  
   Trauma 19 64 83  
   Infections in non-immunosuppressed patients 18 22 40  
   Infections in immunosuppressed patients 4 7 11  
   Metabolic diseases 5 5 10  
   Urology 4 6 10  
   Hematology 7 2 9  
   Poisoning 4 4 8  
   Obstetrics/Gynecology 6 1 7  
   AIDS 1 1 2  
   Other 11 12 23  
Type of patients     0.001
   Medical 105 257 362  
   Surgical 175 89 264  
   Trauma 23 76 99  
Sepsis on admission 122 (40%) 86 (20%) 208 (29%) 0.001
Septic shock on admission 70 (23%) 35 (8%) 105 (15%) 0.001
Patients on mechanical ventilation 239 (79%) 382 (91%) 621 (86%) 0.001
Days of mechanical ventilation 7 (2–16) 9 (4–17) 8 (3–16) 0.001
Intensive care unit length of stay in days 8 (5–17) 12 (7–21) 10 (6–20) 0.001
Hospital length of stay in days 25 (15–29) 25 (15–28) 25 (15–29) 0.6
Mortality at 28 days 85 (28.1%) 119 (28.2%) 204 (28%) 0.9
  1. Parenthetical values indicate range or percentage. APACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; EN, enteral nutrition; MODS, Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score; TPN, total parenteral nutrition.