- Meeting abstract
Association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter polymorphisms and outcome in acetaminophen induced acute liver failure requiring admission to a liver intensive care unit
Critical Care volume 3, Article number: P183 (2000)
The outcome of severe hepatic necrosis following acetaminophen overdose is unpredictable and may have up to a 90% mortality. IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which plays a pivotal role in inflammation and potentially in multiorgan failure. Elevated plasma levels of IL-10 are found in patients with acute liver failure. Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the IL-10 gene have recently been described comprising three single base-pair substitutions at positions (-1082, -819, -592) resulting in three common three haplotypes GCC, ACC and ATA. The GCC/GCC genotype is associated with higher IL-10 production, and ATA haplotype with lower production.
Patients and methods
96 patients with severe acetaminophen hepatotoxicity requiring intensive care were studied. IL-10 gene polymorphisms were determined by sequence-specific oligonucleotide probing using a standard PCR based technique. Haplotype frequencies were compared with those of 71 racially and geographically matched controls.
There is no significant association between outcome or incidence of multiorgan failure in patients with acetaminophen induced acute liver failure and these three common IL-10 gene promoter haplotypes.
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Cite this article
Jackson, N., Cookson, S., Bernal, W. et al. Association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter polymorphisms and outcome in acetaminophen induced acute liver failure requiring admission to a liver intensive care unit. Crit Care 3 (Suppl 1), P183 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc556