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Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of hydrogen sulfide in macrophages and mice

The aim of the current study was to test potential cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of the novel biological mediator hydrogen sulfide in murine models. Murine J774 macrophages were grown in culture and exposed to cytotoxic concentrations of nitrosoglutathione, or peroxynitrite (a reactive species formed from the reaction of nitric oxide and superoxide). Pretreatment of the cells with sodium sulfide (60–300 μM) reduced the loss of cell viability elicited by the nitric oxide donor compound (3 mM) or by peroxynitrite (3 mM), as measured by the MTT method. Sodium sulfide did not affect cell viability in the concentration range tested. In mice subjected to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 5 mg/kg i.p.), treatment of the animals with sodium sulfide (0.2 mg/kg/hour for 4 hours, administered in Alzet minipumps) reduced the LPS-induced increase in plasma IL-1β and TNFα levels. These responses were attenuated when animals were pretreated with the heme oxygenase inhibitor tin-protoporphyrin IX (6 mg/kg). The current results point to the cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of hydrogen sulfide, in cells exposed to nitrosative stress, and in animals subjected to endotoxemia.

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Szabo, C., Kiss, L. & Pankotai, E. Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of hydrogen sulfide in macrophages and mice. Crit Care 11, P2 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc5162

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Keywords

  • Nitric Oxide
  • Peroxynitrite
  • Hydrogen Sulfide
  • Heme Oxygenase
  • Nitrosative Stress