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Table 1 Summary of the different phases and interventions during the study period

From: Evaluation of rapid screening and pre-emptive contact isolation for detecting and controlling methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in critical care: an interventional cohort study

Period Surgical ICU Medical ICU
January 2003 to October 2003 (includes phase I, which started in April 2003) Screening and pre-emptive isolation of high-risk patients only
No discharge screening
Conventional culture methods
Screening of high-risk patients only
No pre-emptive isolation
No discharge screening
Conventional culture methods
November 2003 to March 2004 (phase II) Systematic on-admission and discharge screening policy
Extension of pre-emptive isolation to all patients
Rapid PCR technique for admission screening
Systematic on-admission and discharge screening policy
No pre-emptive isolation
Rapid PCR technique for admission screening
April 2004 to August 2005 (phase III) Systematic on-admission and discharge screening policy
General pre-emptive isolation
Rapid PCR technique for admission screening
Systematic on-admission and discharge screening policy
General pre-emptive isolation
Rapid PCR technique for admission screening
  1. Note that contact isolation was implemented for all identified carriers of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus during the entire study period. No antibiotic restriction or hand hygiene education campaigns with systematic feedback were performed. ICU, intensive care unit