Social and hygienic characteristics of sudden mortality among rural population of South Ural with low density of settlement
- IV Lebedeva1
© BioMed Central Ltd 2001
Published: 1 March 1997
The problem of sudden mortality is a very complex topic of emergency medicine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reasons of sudden death among rural population of South Ural with rare settlement. The obtained data were verified by conventional statistical methods. Males of following age groups predominated: 30–39, 40–49, 50–59 and 60–69 years (81.3% of men suddenly died). In addition, a group of boys died before 1 year was stood out (7.1%). More older groups (40–49, 50–59, 60–69, 70 and older) were demonstrated among equivalent women population (74.4%). A portion of girls suddenly died before 1 year was 13.5% (P < 0.01). Thus, men of able-bodied age (30–39 years) had a higher risk of sudden death than women of the same age. On the contrary, sudden death occurred with a higher rate among females between 50–70 years old. Cardiovascular disorders led to sudden death in 81.2% of cases among males versus 73.7% among females (P < 0.05). Mortality due to respiratory diseases was 13.5% in women and 8.9% in men, respectively. Digestive disorders were revealed in 4.29% of males versus 3.3% of females (P < 0.05). Perinatal pathology resulted in sudden death in 3.38% of females and in 1.27% of males. Infectious and parasitic diseases as a cause of death were less prevalent in the female population (1.27%). Females with urogenital disorders, pregnancy and labor complications developed this state in 4.4%. These data suggest that sudden death among rural population mainly results from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.