N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and the diagnosis of left ventricular systolic dysfunction: what is the optimal cut-off?
© BioMed Central Ltd 2005
Published: 7 March 2005
The neurohormone N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is predominantly released from the left ventricle in response to increasing wall tension, and is suggested as a useful screening test for suspected left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD).
To evaluate the predictive value of different NT-proBNP reference cut-off values in patients with clinical symptoms and signs suggestive of LVSD.
NT-proBNP was measured in 1054 patients with clinical symptoms and signs suggestive of LVSD over a 1-year period (September 2003–October 2004). We retrospectively reviewed our digital archive echocardiographic database.
An echocardiogram was performed in 549/1054 (52%) patients. NT-proBNP was >150 ng/l in 744/1054 patients (71%), 42% male, median age 76 years (33–100 years) and > 500 ng/l in 411/1054 patients (40%), 50% male, median age 76 years (33–100 years). ROC curves are shown for NT-proBNP cut-off values of 150 ng/l, positive predictive value (PPV) 0.22 (confidence interval [CI] 0.19–0.25), negative predictive value (NPV) 0.97 (CI 0.94–0.98), and 500 ng/l, PPV 0.3 (CI 0.26–0.35), NPV 0.93 (CI 0.9–0.94), for the detection of LVSD.
At a cut-off value of 500 ng/l, NT-proBNP has a sensitivity 0.85 (CI 0.76–0.91), specificity 0.67 (CI 0.64–0.69), PPV 0.18 (CI 0.15–0.22), and NPV 0.98 (CI 0.97–0.99) at detecting moderate to severe LV impairment.