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Table 2 Common causative pathogens associated with ventilator-associated pneumonia

From: Bench-to-bedside review: Therapeutic options and issues in the management of ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia

  Frequency [n (%)]
Pathogen Trouillet [12] (n = 245) Rello [10,51] (n = 301) Ibrahim [11] (n = 420)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 39 (15.9) 102 (33.9) 130 (30.9)
Acinetobacter baumannii 22 (9.0) 38 (12.6) 16 (3.8)
Haemophilus influenzae 15 (6.1) 26 (8.6) 19 (4.5)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 3 (1.2) 25 (8.3) 6 (1.4)
MRSA 20 (8.2) 10 (3.3) 81 (19.3)
MSSA 32 (13.1) 38 (12.6) 62 (14.7)
  1. MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; MSSA, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus.