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The effect of positive end-expiratory pressure during partial liquid ventilation in acute respiratory failure

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3 and
  • 3
Critical Care19982 (Suppl 1) :P109

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc238

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Oleic Acid
  • Pulmonary Artery
  • Central Venous Catheter
  • Acute Respiratory Failure
  • Ventilator Setting

Objectives

To investigate the effects of PEEP application during partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on gas exchange and lung mechanics in an animal model of ARF.

Design

Prospective, randomized study

Setting

University research laboratory

Subjects

Six piglets weighing 7 to 12 kg

Interventions

After induction of anesthesia, tracheostomy and controlled mechanical ventilation animals were instrumented with two central venous catheters, a pulmonary artery and two arterial catheters, and an ultrasonic flow probe around the pulmonary artery. Acute respiratory failure was induced by the infusion of oleic acid (0.08 ml/kg) and repeated lung lavages with 0.9% Nacl (20 ml/kg), the protocol consisted of 4 different PEEP levels (PEEP 0, 5, 10 and 15 cmH2O) randomly applied during PLV. The oxygenated and warmed PFC liquid (30 ml/kg) was instilled into the trachea over 5 min without changing the ventilator settings.

Measurements and results

Airway presures, tidal volumes, respiratory compliance, airway resistance and arterial blood gases were measured. Data were obtained at baseline and after lung injury and at each PEEP level during PLV. Data analysis: values are given as mean ± SEM. Comparisons were made by ANOVA for repeated measures. A P value of <0.05 was considered significant.

The infusion of oleic acid combined with 2–5 lung lavage induced a significant reduction of PaO2/FiO2 from 485 ± 28 torr to 68 ± 3.2 torr (P < 0.01) and of Cstat from 1.3 ± 0.06 to 0.67 ± 0.04 ml/cmH2O/kg (P < 0.01).

Conclusions

Partial liquid ventilation is a useful technique to improve oxygenation in severe ARDS. The application of PEEP during PLV further improves oxygenation and lung mechanics.
Table

Blood gases and respiratory variables during PLV with different PEEP levels

 

BL

ALI

PEEP-0

PEEP-5

PEEP-10

PEEP-15

PaO2/FiO2 (torr)

   485 ± 28**

68 ± 3

269 ± 49**

274 ± 53**

320 ± 50**

401 ± 46**

Qs/Qt(%)

20.5 ± 5**

48 ± 3

33 ± 3**

33 ± 3**

30 ± 2**

24 ± 2**

pH

7.39 ± 0.01

7.28 ± 0.02

7.26 ± 0.03

7.26 ± 0.03

7.27 ± 0.04

7.29 ± 0.1

PaCO2 (torr)

42 ± 2

44 ± 4

47 ± 5

48 ± 5

47 ± 6

45 ± 5

PIP (cmH2O)

26.1 ± 1**

38.5 ± 2.4

52.6 ± 1.6*

43 ± 2.4*

35 ± 0.8

39.5 ± 0.9

Pplat(crnH2O)

17.1 ± 1**

31.6 ± 2.3

25.6 ± 1.7*

25.6 ± 1.4*

27.3 ± 1.1*

32.6 ± 1.2

Paw (cmH2O)

9.3 ± 0.2**

14.1 ± 0.47

12.8 ± 0.3

14 ± 0.2**

17 ± 0.2*

21.5 ± 0.2*

Cstat

1.3 ± 0.1**

0.67 ± 0.04

0.71 ± 0.04

0.82 ± 0.1*

0.95 ± 0.1*

0.94 ± 0.1*

Rawm††

20 ± 3.9*

25.5 ± 4.4

30.6 ± 4.6*

26.5 ± 3.1

21.1 ± 3.4

21 ± 4.1

*P < 0.05 vs ALI, **P < 0.01 vs ALI, BL: baseline; ALI: Acute Lung Injury; ml/cmH2O/kg, ††cmH2O/l/s

Declarations

Acknowledgement

The work was supported by grants of the Austrian Nationalbank Nr:6496

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Depts of Pediatrics, Austria
(2)
Neonatology, Austria
(3)
Cardiac Surgery, University of Graz, Austria

Copyright

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