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Table 1 Description of the different methods used in experimental and human studies to perform recruitment maneuvers

From: Clinical review: The implications of experimental and clinical studies of recruitment maneuvers in acute lung injury

Methods Study References
Continuous positive airway pressure at 30–60 cmH2O for 15–60 s Saline lavage, oleic acid, and pneumonia in animals [1520, 54]
Pressure controlled mode: peak inspiratory pressure at 60 cmH2O and end-expiratory pressure at 40 cmH2O for 2 min Saline lavage in animals [18, 20]
Volume controlled mode: 20 breaths at tidal volume of 20 ml/kg Anesthetized healthy animals [21]
Continuous positive airway pressure at 30–45 cmH2O for 15–20 s Anesthetized healthy patients [23, 26]
Pressure controlled mode: peak inspiratory pressure at 30–40 cmH2O and end-expiratory pressure at 10–20 cmH2O for 1 min Anesthetized healthy patients [24, 25, 27]
Sighs with a tidal volume to reach 45 cmH2O plateau pressure ARDS patients [29, 40]
Continuous positive airway pressure at 30–45 cmH2O for 4–40 s ALI/ARDS patients [30, 32, 38, 39]
Extended sigh with a tidal volume to reach 40 cmH2O and end-expiratory pressure at 35 cmH2O for 1 min ARDS patients [31]
Pressure controlled mode: peak inspiratory pressure at 40–60 cmH2O and end-expiratory pressure at 10–30 cmH2O for 30–120 s ARDS/brain injury patients [33, 36, 37]
Pressure support mode: peak inspiratory pressure at 40 cmH2O and end-expiratory pressure for 30 s ALI/ARDS patients [35]
  1. ALI, acute lung injury; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome.