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Efficacy of in and out of hospital CPR

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Introduction

The aim of the study was to examine the efficacy of in-hospital (wards, ICU), and out of hospital (Emergency Medical System, EMS) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) application.

Materials and methods

We enrolled 193 patients (134 males, 69.4%) mean age (59.1 ± 1.4) who developed cardiac arrest either out of hospital (24 pts, 12.4%) or in-hospital (wards: 45 pts, 23.3%, ICU: 116, 60.1%). We examined underlying disease, current diagnosis and place of arrest, application or not of CPR, and outcome.

Results

Patients characteristics are shown in the Table.

Table 1 Table

CPR (basic and advanced cardiac life support) was performed in 137/193 patients (71%) by a CPR team. Cardiac function was restored in 106/137 (77.4%) of the patients within 5 min. Six, 12 and 24 hour survival was 29/106 (27.4%), 14 (13.2%) and 10/106 (9.4%) respectively.

Conclusions

CPR was performed in an accepted percentage (71%) of patients and was followed by higher percentage of automatic cardiac function (77.4%) compared to international data. However, 24 hour survival was lower than that expected.

Acknowledgement

Supported by the University of Athens.

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Myrianthefs, P., Kalafati, M., Minasidou, E. et al. Efficacy of in and out of hospital CPR. Crit Care 6, P164 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc1623

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Medical System
  • Cardiac Function