Volume 19 Supplement 2
Analysis of influenza and parainfluenza respiratory infection in a private tertiary hospital in São Paulo, Brazil
© Lomar et al.; 2015
Published: 28 September 2015
There are different viruses that cause respiratory infections. Most of the time it is very difficult to know the causative agent from the respiratory symptoms. In order to identify the possibility of a virus being the causative agent of the respiratory infection and to identify the type of virus that is causing the respiratory symptoms, nasal swabs were collected from patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection.
During a 6-month period (1 February-31 July 2014) 365 nasal swabs were collected from patients with symptomatic respiratory infections admitted to Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil for polymerase chain reaction virus detection (CLART Pneumovir) capable of detecting 14 respiratory viruses.
Almost half of the samples collected tested positive. Specifically, 48.76 % (178/365) of samples were positive for respiratory virus. Syncycial respiratory virus accounted for 19.66 % (35/178), influenza H3N2 for 14.61 % (26/178), parainfluenza virus for 7.3 % (13/178), influenza B virus for 6.18 % (11/178), influenza H1N1 for 1.69 % (3/178) and influenza C for 1.69 % (3/178).
Respiratory virus is a common cause of respiratory infection requiring hospital admission, rhinovirus being the most prevalent. The identification of the type of respiratory virosis is crucial for virus isolation precautions.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.