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Association between hemoglobin, cerebral oxygenation and neurologic outcome in postcardiac arrest patients

Introduction

The safety of a restrictive transfusion threshold of 7 g/ dl applied in all critically ill patients can be questioned in postcardiac arrest (post-CA) patients since these are phenotypically clearly distinct. The aims of this study were to investigate the association between hemoglobin, cerebral oxygenation (SctO2) and outcome in post-CA patients.

Methods

A prospective observational study in 82 post-CA patients during hypothermia in the first 24 hours of ICU stay. Hemoglobin was determined hourly together with a corresponding SctO2 by NIRS and SVO2 in patients with a pulmonary artery catheter (n = 62).

Results

Based on 2,099 paired data, we found a strong linear relationship between hemoglobin and average SctO2 (SctO2 = 0.70 × hemoglobin + 56 (R2 = 20.84, P = 10-6)). Given the previously suggested SctO2 target between 66 and 68%, hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dl generally resulted in suboptimal brain oxygenation. Forty-three patients (52%) had a good neurological outcome (CPC 1 to 3) at 180 days post CA. There was a significant association between average hemoglobin above 12.3 g/dl and good neurological outcome (OR = 2.88, 95% CI = 1.02; 8.16, P = 0.04). In a multivariate model, this association persisted after correction for comorbidities and age by the modified Charlson score (OR = 2.99, 95% CI = 1.05; 8.53, P = 0.03). This association was entirely driven by results obtained in patients with an average SVO2 below 70% (OR = 17.55, 95% CI = 1.67; 184.41, P = 0.01).

Conclusion

There is a steep linear relationship between hemoglobin and SctO2 in post-CA patients with hemoglobin levels below 10 g/ dl generally resulting in cerebral desaturation. Average hemoglobin below 12.3 g/dl was independently associated with worse neurological outcome 180 days post CA. An interventional trial is necessary to investigate whether maintaining higher hemoglobin would improve outcome.

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Meex, I., Ameloot, K., Genbrugge, C. et al. Association between hemoglobin, cerebral oxygenation and neurologic outcome in postcardiac arrest patients. Crit Care 19, P430 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14510

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Keywords

  • Hemoglobin Level
  • Pulmonary Artery Catheter
  • Cerebral Oxygenation
  • Interventional Trial
  • Strong Linear Relationship