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Quantitative ultrasonography for pneumonia

Introduction

Chest-X-ray is recommended for routine use in patients with suspected pneumonia, but its use in emergency settings is limited. In this study, the diagnostic performance of a new method for quantitative analysis of lung ultrasonography was compared with bedside chest X-ray and visual lung ultrasonography for detection of community-acquired pneumonia, using thoracic computed tomography as a gold standard.

Methods

Thirty-two spontaneously breathing patients with suspected community-acquired pneumonia undergoing computed tomography examination were consecutively enrolled. Each hemi-thorax was evaluated for the presence or absence of abnormalities by chest X-ray and quantitative or visual ultrasonography.

Results

Quantitative ultrasonography showed higher sensitivity (93%), specificity (95%), and diagnostic accuracy (94%) than chest X-ray (64%, 80%, and 69%, respectively), or visual ultrasonography (68%, 95%, and 77%, respectively), or their combination (77%, 75%, and 77%, respectively).

Conclusion

Quantitative lung ultrasonography was considerably more accurate than either chest X-ray or visual ultrasonography in the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia and it may represent a useful first-line approach for confirmation of clinical diagnosis in emergency settings.

References

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Corradi, F., Brusasco, C., Manca, T. et al. Quantitative ultrasonography for pneumonia. Crit Care 19, P225 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14305

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Keywords

  • Compute Tomography
  • Pneumonia
  • Gold Standard
  • Diagnostic Accuracy
  • Clinical Diagnosis