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miR-20a-5p mediates hypoxia-induced autophagy by targeting ATG16L1 in acute kidney injury
© Wang and Li; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 3 December 2014
Autophagy could be induced under stress conditions, including starvation, infection, and hypoxia. The microRNA (miRNA) network may be critical in the regulation of autophagy. Upregulation of autophagy may be a protective response for cell survival in ischemic kidney injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether miRNA regulates autophagy in ischemic kidney injury and renal proximal tubular cells under hypoxic conditions.
Ischemic kidney injury was performed by clamping bilateral renal pedicles for 60 minutes in male mice. Human kidney proximal tubular (HK2) cells are incubated in a hypoxic chamber with 0.3% O2. Bioinformatics analyses were used to select the candidate miRNA. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function methods were employed to evaluate the effects of miRNA on autophagy. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses and promoter luciferase reporter assays were used to evaluate the interaction of transcriptional factors with miRNA.
Increase of LC3 and ATG16L1, autophagy-related proteins, and down expression of miR-20a-5p were detected in kidneys after ischemic injury and in HK2 cells under hypoxic conditions. The 3'-untranslated region luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-20a-5p targeted ATG16L1 messenger RNA. Overexpression of miR-20a-5p reduced the expression of LC3-II and ATG16L1 in HK2 cells under hypoxic conditions, whereas antagomiR-20a reversed the inhibition. Using RNAi against hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in HK2 cells, we confirmed the inhibitory binding of HIF-1α to miR-20a-5p.
The signaling axis of HIF-1α, miR-20a-5p, and ATG16L1 in autophagic process might be a critical adapting mechanism for ischemic kidney injury.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.