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Table 2 Diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis and following acute kidney injury

From: Acute kidney injury due to rhabdomyolysis and renal replacement therapy: a critical review

Clinical presentation
Muscular weakness, myalgia, swelling, tenderness, stiffness
Fever, feelings of nausea, vomiting, tachycardia
Oligoanuria or anuria in connection with renal damage or in the presence of volume depletion
Signs of the underlying disease
Laboratory findings
Serum: creatinine, urea nitrogen, creatine phosphokinase, myoglobin, ions (potassium, phosphorus, calcium), lactate dehydrogenase, transaminases, acid–base balance
Urine: myoglobin or positive dipstick test without any erythrocytes