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Adhesion molecule, soluble adhesion molecule, and cytokine levels in patients with severe burns

Object

We measured endotoxins, inflammatory cytokines and soluble adhesion molecules in the blood of 17 severe burn patients to determine the involvement of these factors in the pathophysiology in burn patients.

Design

Prospective study.

Patients

Seventeen patients with burns with a total burn surface area of 20% or more and a burn index of 15% or more.

Measurement and main results

Endotoxin was measured by an endotoxin-specific assay. Tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 6 and interleukin 8 were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Soluble adhesion molecules were also measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CD11a, CD11b, and CD18 were measured by a flow cytometry. Their levels were high in the non-surviving group, the septic shock group, and the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome group, suggesting the possibility of a close connection between them and the evolution of the pathophysiology in patients with burns complicated by infection (Table).

Conclusion

Soluble adhesion molecules were found to indirectly reflect the level of endothelial cell adhesion molecules, suggesting that inflammatory cytokines may also be involved as factors in their production.

Table Comparisons of the factors in the sepsis group and the sepsis-free group

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Endo, S., Nakae, H., Yamada, Y. et al. Adhesion molecule, soluble adhesion molecule, and cytokine levels in patients with severe burns. Crit Care 2, P008 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc138

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Keywords

  • Adhesion Molecule
  • Septic Shock
  • Inflammatory Cytokine
  • Cell Adhesion Molecule
  • Organ Dysfunction