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Table 1 The clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS)

From: Ventilator-associated pneumonia in the ICU

Assessed Parameter Result Score
Temperature (°Celsius) 36.5-38.4 °C 0
  38.5-38.9 °C 1
  ≤ 36 or ≥ 39 °C 2
Leukocytes in blood (cells/mm3) 4,000-11,000/mm3 0
  < 4,000 or > 11,000/mm3 1
  ≥ 500 Band cells 2
Tracheal secretions (subjective visual scale) None 0
  Mild/non-purulent 1
  Purulent 2
Radiographic findings (on chest radiography, excluding CHF and ARDS) No infiltrate 0
  Diff use/patchy infiltrate 1
  Localized infiltrate 2
Culture results (endotracheal aspirate) No or mild growth 0
  Moderate or florid growth 1
  Moderate or florid growth AND pathogen consistent with Gram stain 2
Oxygenation status (defined by PaO2:FiO2) > 240 or ARDS 0
  ≤ 240 and absence of ARDS 2
  1. ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome; CHF: congestive heart failure