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Table 2 Association between exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and clinical characteristics in critically ill adult patientsa

From: Screening and risk factors of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in critically ill adult patients receiving enteral nutrition

Characteristics Number of Patients EPI (n= 294) None-EPI (n= 269) P value
Shock 114 28.9 10.8 <0.001b
Anaemia 64 8.8 14.1 0.065
Sepsis 78 17.7 9.7 0.009b
Diabetes 121 27.2 15.2 <0.001b
Obesity 293 51.0 53.2 0.662
Cardiac arrest 83 21.1 7.8 <0.001b
Respiratory failure 173 28.6 33.1 0.287
Hyperbilirubinemia 43 9.2 6.3 0.124
Brain injury 185 35.7 29.7 0.154
Hyperlactacidemia 136 33.0 14.5 <0.001b
Hypertriglyceridemia 114 22.8 17.5 0.145
Mechanical ventilation 281 57.1 42.0 <0.001b
CRRT 58 13.9 6.3 0.005b
  1. a CRRT, continuous renal replacement therapy; EPI, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. bP < 0.05 compared with patients without EPI based on z-test. Data are presented as the percentage of the patients with relevant clinical characteristics.