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Table 1 Patient characteristics and different types of extracorporeal lung support

From: Extracorporeal lung support in trauma patients with severe chest injury and acute lung failure: a 10-year institutional experience

Variable All patients (n= 52) PECLA (n= 26) vv-ECMO (n= 26)
Male gender 49 (94.2) 25 (96) 24 (92)
Age (years) 32 ± 14 34.5 ± 14.3 29.3 ± 13.2
Height (cm) 178.6 ± 7.2 179 ± 6.8 178.2 ± 7.6
Weight (kg) 89.8 ± 20.6 85.8 ± 16.5 93.8 ± 23.6
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28.2 ± 6.1 26.7 ± 4.5 29.6 ± 7.3
Trauma    
   Traffic accident 38 (73) 17 (65) 21 (81)
   Blast injury/gunshot wound 9 (17) 6 (23) 3 (11)
   Deep fall 4 (8) 3 (12) 1 (4)
   Blunt 1 (2) 0 1 (4)
Prior resuscitation 8 (15.4) 4 (15.4) 4 (15.4)
Acute renal failure prior to ELS 8 (15.4) 4 (15.4) 4 (15.4)
Injury Severity Score 58.9 ± 10.5 57.8 ± 10.9 59.4 ± 11.2
Lung Injury Score 3.3 ± 0.57 3.06 ± 0.65 3.53 ± 0.36
SOFA score 10.5 ± 3 9.2 ± 3 11.8 ± 2.4
  1. Data presented as n (%) or mean ± standard deviation. ELS, extracorporeal lung support; PECLA, pumpless extracorporeal lung assist; SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment; vv-ECMO, veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.