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Table 3 Characteristics of patients with severe sepsis stratified according togender

From: The influence of gender on the epidemiology of and outcome from severe sepsis

  All patients Male Female P value
n 305 220 (72.1) 85 (27.9)  
Age (years) 64.4 ± 14.9 63.1 ± 15. 67.7 ± 14.3 0.004
SAPS II 55.2 ± 17.8 55.3 ± 17.5 55 ± 18.8 0.972
Comorbidities     
   Diabetes mellitus 52 (17) 34 (15.5) 18 (21.2) 0.234
   Renal failure (without dialysis) 34 (11.1) 25 (11.4) 9 (10.6) 0.847
   Renal failure (with dialysis) 22 (7.2) 15 (6.8) 7 (8.2) 0.668
   Hematological cancer 10 (3.3) 6 (2.7) 4 (4.7) 0.384
   Chronic heart failure (NYHA III to IV) 25 (8.2) 17 (7.7) 8 (9.4) 0.631
   COPD 21 (6.9) 18 (8.2) 3 (3.5) 0.150
Type of admission     0.486
   Elective surgery 25 (8.2) 17 (7.7) 8 (9.4)  
   Emergency surgery 109 (35.7) 75 (34.1) 34 (40)  
   Medical admission 171 (56.1) 128 (58.2) 43 (50.6)  
Reason for admission     0.211
   Only monitoring 20 (6.6) 12 (5.5) 8 (9.4)  
   Intensive care 285 (93.4) 208 (94.5) 77 (90.6)  
Trauma 32 (10.5) 27 (12.3) 5 (5.9) 0.103
Referring facility     0.532
   Other hospital 53 (17.4) 42 (19.1) 11 (12.9)  
   Surgical ward 83 (27.2) 57 (25.9) 26 (30.6)  
   Emergency department 96 (31.5) 72 (32.7) 24 (28.2)  
   Medical ward 57 (18.7) 38 (17.3) 19 (22.4)  
   Other ICU 16 (5.2) 11 (5) 5 (5.9)  
ICU mortality 156 (51.1) 102 (46.4) 54 (63.5) 0.007
ICU length of stay (days) 13 (6 to 26) 13 (7 to 26) 9 (5 to 25) 0.115
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation, n (%) or median(interquartile range). COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NYHA, NewYork Heart Association classification; SAPS, Simplified Acute PhysiologyScore.