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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the 402 trauma patients with pelvic fracture and the 344 pelvic-ring fractures were classified according to Tile/OTA classification

From: Acute management and outcome of multiple trauma patients with pelvic disruptions

   Type of pelvic-ring fracture according Tile/OTA fracture classification   Pair-wise comparison
  Total Type A Type B Type C Overall test P value (A vs. C) P value (B vs. C) P value (A vs. B)
Blunt injury (%) 97.9 (n = 393) 97.4 (n = 76) 99.1 (n = 116) 99.3 (n = 145) 0.426 n.s. n.s. n.s.
Age (years, mean ± SD) 42.2 ± 19.2 (n = 402) 40.9 ± 19.8 (n = 79) 42.5 ± 18.6 (n = 118) 42.9 ± 19.4 (n = 147) 0.787 n.s. n.s. n.s.
Male patients (%) 63.7 (n = 256) 65.8 (n = 52) 58.5 (n = 69) 64.6 (n = 95) 0.481 n.s. n.s. n.s.
ISS (points, mean ± SD) 25.9 ± 11.4 (n = 402) 21.3 ± 9.0 (n = 79) 27.6 ± 11.2 (n = 118) 29.6 ± 10.9 (n = 147) <0.001 <0.001 n.s. <0.001
ISS ≥16 (%) 85.6 (n = 344) 74.7 (n = 59) 90.8 (n = 107) 97.4 (n = 143) <0.001 <0.001 0.030 0.005
AIS head ≥3 (%) 23.3 (n = 344) 30.4 (n = 24) 26.3 (n = 31) 17.0 (n = 25) 0.048 0.027 0.071 0.627
AIS thorax ≥3 (%) 54.4 (n = 344) 50.6 (n = 40) 59.3 (n = 70) 52.4 (n = 77) 0.397 n.s. n.s. n.s.
AIS abdomen ≥3 (%) 25.6 (n = 344) 15.2 (n = 12) 25.4 (n = 30) 31.3 (n = 46) 0.030 0.010 0.339 0.110
AIS extremities ≥3 (%) 83.1 (n = 344) 58.2 (n = 46) 85.6 (n = 101) 100.0 (n = 147) <0.001 <0.001 0.019 <0.001
New-ISS (points, mean ± SD) 29.5 ± 11.1 (n = 402) 24.9 ± 9.1 (n = 79) 30.9 ± 10.3 (n = 118) 33.3 ± 11.3 (n = 118) <0.001 <0.001 n.s. <0.001
PTS (points, mean ± SD) 32.4 ± 17.0 (n = 402) 24.5 ± 14.9 (n = 79) 33.4 ± 16.2 (n = 118) 36.8 ± 17.7 (n = 147) <0.001 <0.001 n.s. <0.001
GCS on scene (points, mean ± SD) 11.5 ± 4.5 (n = 284) 12.3 ± 3.9 (n = 64) 11.6 ± 4.0 (n = 77) 11.9 ± 4.2 (n = 104) 0.625 n.s. n.s. n.s.
Time from accident to hospital admission (minutes, mean ± SD) 73.0 ± 36.1 (n = 210) 73.7 ± 40.7 (n = 41) 73. 9 ± 38.1 (n = 57) 68.2 ± 29.5 (n = 92) 0.714 n.s. n.s. n.s.
Time in the trauma room (minutes, mean ± SD) 72.4 ± 40.8 (n = 353) 78.4 ± 43.6 (n = 70) 74.8 ± 45.1 (n = 98) 68.0 ± 36.0 (n = 133) 0.301 n.s. n.s. n.s.
  1. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; n.s., not significant; PTS, Hannover Polytrauma Score.