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Table 2 Propensity score-matched patients with and without candidemia.

From: Assessment of candidemia-attributable mortality in critically ill patients using propensity score matching analysis

  Without candidemia
(number = 70)
With candidemia
(number = 35)
P SDT
Age, years, mean (SD) 60.96 ± 17.3 59.2 ± 18.36 .641 9.86%
Male/female (%) 24 (34.3) 12 (34.3) 1 0%
APACHE II score at ICU admission, mean (SD) 19.07 ± 6.34 19.88 ± 6.29 .532 -12.82%
SOFA score at ICU admission 8 (4 to 10) 8 (7 to 10) .658  
ICU length of stay (days)a 28.5 (17.75 to 40.25) 30 (17 to 58) .514  
Hospital length of stay (dys)a 43 (28 to 69) 37 (27 to 70) .801  
ICU mortality, number (%) 26 (37.1) 18 (51.4) .163  
Overall mortality, number (%) 35 (50) 19 (54.3) .680  
Diagnosis on ICU admission, number (%)    .861  
   Medical 29 (41.4) 15 (42.9)   3%
   Surgical 35 (50) 16 (45.7)   8.61%
   Trauma 6 (8.6) 4 (11.4)   -9.34%
Multifocal colonization, total, number (%) 67 (95.7) 32 (91.4) .398 -17.57
Clinical condition, number (%) at the time of ICU admission    .459  
   No sepsis 6 (8.6) 1 (2.9)   -24.67
   Sepsis 17 (24.3) 11 (31.4)   15.89
   Severe sepsis 12 (17.1) 9 (25.7)   21.08
   Septic shock 35 (50) 14 (40)   -20.2
Surgery, number (%) 35 (50) 16 (45.7) .680 -8.6
Abdominal surgery, number (%) 26 (37.1) 11 (31.4) .565 -12
Surgical procedures, number    .961  
   None 34 (48.6) 18 (51.4)   5.6
   One 19 (27.1) 9 (25.7)   -3.7
   Two or more 17 (24.3) 8 (22.9)   -3.29
Secondary peritonitis, number (%) 9 (12.9) 3 (8.6) .517 -13.9
Underlying illnesses, number (%)     
Neurologic disease 12 (17.1) 5 (14.3) .709 -7.7
Trauma 9 (12.9) 6 (17.1) .556 11.78
Diabetes mellitus 16 (22.9) 7 (20) .739 -7
COPD 18 (25.7) 8 (22.9) .749 -6.5
Heart failure 8 (11.4) 6 (17.1) .419 16.36
Chronic renal failure 4 (5.7) 2 (5.7) 1 0
Acute coronary syndrome 1 (1.4) 1 (2.9) 1 0
Chronic liver failure 3 (4.3) 0 .549 -29.97
Hematologic malignancy 1 (1.4) 0 1 -16.85
   Solid tumor 7 (10) 4 (11.4) 1 -4.5
Risk factors, number (%)     
Urinary catheter 70 (100) 34 (97.1) .333 -24.4
Central venous catheter 70 (100) 35 (100) - 0
Mechanical ventilation 69 (98.6) 35 (100) 1 16.8
Broad-spectrum antibiotics 69 (98.6) 34 (97.1) 1 -10.35
Empiric/preemptive antifungal treatment. 5 (7.1) 2 (5.7) 1 5.7
Arterial catheter 70 (100) 34 (97.1) .333 -24.4
Enteral nutrition 49 (70) 25 (71.4) .880 3
Total parenteral nutrition 55 (78.6) 25 (71.4) .418 -16.78
Corticosteroids 31 (44.3) 12 (34.3) .326 -20.58
Renal replacement therapy 24 (34.3) 14 (40) .566 11.8
  1. aMedian (25th to 75th percentiles). APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Score; COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; SD, standard deviation; SDT, standardized difference; SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment.