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Predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation after heart transplantation
Critical Care volume 16, Article number: P472 (2012)
Several studies have reported that prolonged mechanical ventilation is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, length of hospital stay, and costs after coronary artery and valvular surgeries. However, no study has focused on the incidence and risk factors of prolonged mechanical ventilation after heart transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation after heart transplantation.
We retrospectively analyzed the records of 38 out of 45 patients who underwent heart transplantation from February 2003 to November 2010 at our center. Patients under 12 years of age and those who died before extubation were excluded. We defined prolonged mechanical ventilation as mechanical ventilation longer than 36 hours. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected.
The mean age of the patients (71% male) was 31.5 ± 16.8 years and the incidence of prolonged mechanical ventilation was 40%. Compared with patients who did not require prolonged mechanical ventilation, those who did had significantly lower preoperative hemoglobin levels (12.0 ± 1.5 vs. 13.7 ± 2.4 mg/dl, P = 0.03), higher intraoperative lactate levels (7.14 ± 4.13 vs. 3.5 ± 1.82 mmol/l, P = 0.006), higher postoperative day 1 serum creatinine levels (2.2 ± 0.9 vs. 1.2 ± 0.7 mg/dl, P = 0.002), and longer cardiopulmonary bypass times (143.0 ± 24.2 vs. 122.8 ± 29.1 minutes, P = 0.005). Binary logistic regression revealed that the postoperative day 1 serum creatinine level was an independent risk factor for prolonged mechanical ventilation after heart transplantation (OR: 5.109; 95% CI: 1.362 to 19.159, P = 0.016). Length of hospital stay was significantly longer in patients with PMV than those who did not require prolonged mechanical ventilation (36.4 ± 30.4 vs. 21.8 ± 12.7, P = 0.049). The respective mortality rates for patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation and those without prolonged mechanical ventilation were 60% versus 40%, P = 0.15.
Prolonged mechanical ventilation occurred in 40% of our patients after heart transplantation. A higher creatinine level during the first 24 hours after the surgery was associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation in this study.
Cislaghi F, et al: Minerva Anestesiol. 2007, 73: 615-621.
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Turker, M., Zeyneloglu, P., Pirat, A. et al. Predictors of prolonged mechanical ventilation after heart transplantation. Crit Care 16, P472 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc11079
- Hospital Stay
- Mechanical Ventilation
- Cardiopulmonary Bypass
- Serum Creatinine Level
- Heart Transplantation