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Table 2 Randomized controlled trials of shorter versus longer antibiotic therapy that included patients with bacteremia.

From: Duration of antibiotic therapy for bacteremia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Syndrome All patients blood cultured? Short-arm group, number (percentage) bacteremic Long-arm group, number (percentage) bacteremic
Chowdhary et al. [26] Non-Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia Yes 26/26 (100%) 26/26 (100%)
  S. aureus bacteremia Yes 7/7 (100%) 7/7 (100%)
Runyon et al. [28] Peritonitis Yes 9/43 (20.9%) 17/47 (36.2%)
Chaudhry et al. [29] Peritonitis Yes 6/25 (24%) 8/25 (32%)
Jernelius et al. [47] Pyelonephritis Yes 5/32 (15.6%) 4/29 (13.8%)
Cheng et al. [48] Pyelonephritis Yes 1/41 (2.4%) 3/39 (7.7%)
Engle et al. [30] Pneumonia Yes 0/14 (0%) 0/12 (0%)
Engle et al. [31] Pneumonia Yes 0/35 (0%) 0/38 (0%)
Vuori-Holopainen et al. [32] Pneumonia Yes N/A N/A
Tellier et al. [36] Pneumonia Yes 14/187 (7.5%) 9/191 (4.7%)
File et al. [35] Pneumonia Yes N/A N/A
Dunbar et al. [37] Pneumonia Yes 7/256 (2.7%) 7/272 (2.6%)
Leophonte et al. [39] Pneumonia Yes 11/125 (8.8%) 12/119 (10.1%)
Siegel et al. [38] Pneumonia Yes 2/24 (8.3%) 4/22 (18.2%)
El Moussaoui et al. [40] Pneumonia Unclear 6/56 (10.7%) 8/63 (12.7%)
Chastre et al. [42] Pneumonia Yes 14/197 (7.1%) 14/204 (6.9%)
  1. N/A, not applicable.