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AB103, a CD28 antagonist peptide: a new therapeutic agent in a model of severe sepsis
Critical Care volume 15, Article number: P35 (2011)
AB103 is a novel CD28 antagonist peptide currently in clinical development that modulates CD28 signaling in T cells, without affecting the normal humoral immune response. In experimental models of Gram-positive, Gram-negative and polymicrobial sepsis, AB103 demonstrated significant activity, increasing overall survival.
The AB103 activity and mode of action (MOA) were evaluated in a murine model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). AB103 (5 mg/kg) was administered to mice (Balb/c) at various times points following CLP (2 to 24 hours), together with moxifloxacin.
A single dose of AB103, given at 12 or 24 hours post CLP, rescued 100% and 62.2% of the animals (respectively) from sepsis-induced mortality, whereas moxifloxacin alone (LD90, given at 12 hours) rescued only 25% (P < 0.05) of the animals. In a separate set of experiments investigating the MOA, AB103 administration (5 mg/kg, given without antibiotics 2 hours post CLP) was associated with: a reduction in Th-1 cytokine levels in peritoneum (TNFα, IL-3, IL-17 and Rantes) and plasma (IL-3 and IL-6); a reduction in splenocyte proliferation, stimulated ex vivo with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies; a reduction in neutrophil recruitment to the spleen, liver and kidney, as determined by MPO activity; and a reduced bacterial load in peritoneum, blood and tissues (kidney, liver, spleen).
These data demonstrate that attenuation of CD28 signaling is a viable therapeutic approach to the treatment of sepsis. Due to its robust activity and good safety profile in humans already established in a phase 1 study, AB103 should be clinically evaluated in sepsis patients.
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Teleman, D., Chung, C., Ayala, A. et al. AB103, a CD28 antagonist peptide: a new therapeutic agent in a model of severe sepsis. Crit Care 15, P35 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc10404
- Severe Sepsis
- CD28 Signaling
- Sepsis Patient
- Neutrophil Recruitment