Skip to main content

Table 1 Hemodynamic monitoring used for the management of high-risk surgery patients?.

From: Hemodynamic monitoring and management in patients undergoing high risk surgery: a survey among North American and European anesthesiologists

  ASA respondents
(n = 237)
ESA respondents
(n = 195)
Answer options Response percent Response percent
Invasive arterial pressure 95.4% 89.7%
Central venous pressure 72.6% 83.6%
Non-invasive arterial pressure 51.9% 53.8%
Cardiac output 35.4% 34.9%
Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 30.8% 14.4%
Transesophageal echocardiography 28.3% 19.0%
Systolic pressure variation 20.3% 23.6%
Plethysmographic waveform variation 17.3% 17.9%
Pulse pressure variation 15.2% 25.6%
Mixed venous saturation (ScvO2) 14.3% 15.9%
Central venous saturation (SvO2) 12.7% 33.3%
Oxygen delivery (DO2) 6.3% 14.4%
Stroke volume variation 6.3% 21.5%
Near infrared spectroscopy 4.6% 5.1%
Global end diastolic volume 2.1% 8.2%
  1. ASA, American society of anesthesiology respondents; ESA, European society of anaesthesiology respondents.