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Table 1 Demographics, time intervals relevant to intensive care and study admission, and baseline hemodynamics

From: Early non-invasive cardiac output monitoring in hemodynamically unstable intensive care patients: A multi-center randomized controlled trial

  MICO
N = 199
Control
N = 187
P- value
Age; years 59 (18) 64 (16) 0.05
Gender; n; female/male 67/132 62/125 1.00
Height; cm 171 (9) 170 (10) 0.25
Weight; kg 81 (19) 78 (18) 0.06
SAPS II 48 (18) 48 (15) 0.86
Predicted risk of death; % 43 (29) 43 (26) 0.85
Patient with > 50% risk; n 87 72 0.30
Infection, confirmed; % 27 23 0.29
Infection, suspected or confirmed; % 51 49 0.69
Surgical admission; % 32 27 0.37
Hospital admission to ICU admission; 13 13 0.49
hours (2 to 54) (1 to 93)  
ICU admission to arterial line insertion; minutes 20
(6 to 45)
16
(5 to 42)
0.13
Arterial line insertion to baseline; 64 45 0.12
minutes (23-144) (17-116)  
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 103 (26) 107 (27) 0.16
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 53 (15) 53 (12) 0.95
Heart rate (beats/min) 97 (24) 95(25) 0.40
APACHE III diagnostic groups (%)    0.56
Medical admission    
   Cardiovascular 17.1 23.0 0.16
   Respiratory 14.1 18.2 0.33
   Gastrointestinal 10.1 8.6 0.73
   Sepsis 14.6 11.2 0.37
   Other medical 12.6 11.8 0.88
   Surgical admission    
   Cardiovascular 5.5 7.5 0.54
   Gastrointestinal 13.1 8.6 0.19
   Trauma 4.5 4.8 1.00
   Other surgical 8.5 6.4 0.45
  1. Values are mean (SD), median (25th to 75th percentile), ratio, or percentage, as indicated.
  2. APACHE, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; MICO, minimally invasive cardiac output; SAPS II, simplified acute physiology score II.