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Table 4 Comorbidities between hospital admission and entering study

From: Inspiratory muscle strength training improves weaning outcome in failure to wean patients: a randomized trial

  IMST SHAM
Cardiovascular   
   Angina 2 0
   Atrial fibrillation 9 10
   Bundle branch block 0 1
   Arrhythmias requiring cardioversion 2 2
   Congestive heart failure 7 5
   Deep vein thrombosis 4 14
   Cerebral vascular accident or intracranial hemorrhage 6 10
   Myocardial infarction 6 5
   Pacemaker 1 1
   Pericarditis/endocarditis 0 1
   Peripheral vascular disease/chronic wounds 3 7
Respiratory   
   Adult respiratory distress syndrome 2 4
   Aspiration pneumonia 9 6
   Bronchitis/bronchiectasis/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations 10 11
   Pleural effusion 18 21
   Pneumonia or tracheobronchitis 20 22
   Pneumothorax 8 2
   Pulmonary embolism 2 5
   Hemothorax 3 2
   Empyema 3 0
   Respiratory arrest 1 2
   Tracheal bleed 1 2
   Bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia 1 0
   Cavitary respiratory lesions 1 1
Metabolic/Endocrine   
   Adrenal depletion 1 1
   Diabetes mellitus 11 9
   Hypothyroidism 5 6
Renal   
   Chronic renal failure (prior renal replacement therapy-dependence) 2 0
   Acute renal failure (new renal replacement therapy dependence) 11 9
   Renal insufficiency (no renal replacement therapy) 2 1
Infections   
   Specific Organisms:   
Candida albicans 9 8
Cytomegalovirus 4 4
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 13 17
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci 8 6
Pseudomonas 13 13
Acid-fast bacillus smear positive 1 0
   Indwelling line-associated sepsis 2 7
   Urinary tract infection 13 10
   Sepsis with shock 18 13
   Sepsis without shock 5 6
Gastrointestinal   
   Ascites 4 2
   gastrointestinal hemorrhage 10 11
   Clostrium difficile colitis 5 4
   Ileus or gastroparesis 2 3
   Necrotic bowel 4 1
   Hepatic failure 0 1
   Pancreatitis 5 1
   Bowel perforation 1 1
   Abdominal or peritoneal hematoma 5 3
   Abdominal abscess 2 3
   Necrotic gallbladder/cholelithiasis 3 2
   Open abdomen 3 2
   Abdominal compartment syndrome 0 1
Organ transplantation   
   Liver 2 1
   Cardiac 0 1
   Renal 1 0
Other   
   Cardiac arrest 6 7
   Shock 0 2
   New cancer diagnosis 11 9
   Encephalitis 0 1
   Encephalopathy (unspecified etiology) 5 1
   Status epilepticus 0 1
   Subacute or chronic fractures 1 3
   Amputation 0 1
   Wound 8 10
   Wound or incisional dehiscence 4 5
   Myoclonus 0 1
   Critical illness myopathy (per physician) 3 1
   Critical illness myopathy (per diagnostic test) 2 0
  1. IMST, inspiratory muscle strength training.