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Table 2 Fluids and blood products transfused during initial resuscitationa

From: Balanced massive transfusion ratios in multiple injury patients with traumatic brain injury

  AIS score, head <3 AIS score, head ≥3
Transfusions and time intervals FFP:pRBC ratio ≤1:2 FFP:pRBC ratio >1:2 P value FFP:pRBC ratio ≤1:2 FFP:pRBC ratio >1:2 P value
Fluids prehospital       
Mean crystalloids, ml (±SD) 1,491 ± 937 1,391 ± 819 0.433 1,354 ± 888 1,297 ± 743 0.981
Mean colloids, ml (±SD) 991 ± 615 939 ± 579 0.272 982 ± 654 945 ± 475 0.957
Fluids emergency room       
Mean crystalloids, ml (±SD) 3,549 ± 2,858 3,981 ± 2,959 0.071 3,122 ± 2,640 4,000 ± 3,036 <0.001
Mean colloids, ml (±SD) 1,648 ± 1,478 1,802 ± 1,592 0.080 1,568 ± 1,247 1,788 ± 1,371 0.112
Mean pRBC transfusion, n (±SD) 19.5 ± 11.2 19.5 ± 11.9 0.916 18.4 ± 9.8 18.9 ± 10.7 0.980
Mean FFP transfusion, n (±SD) (min-max) 5.7 ± 5.2 (0 to 32) 18.0 ± 12.3 (6 to 88) <0.001 5.5 ± 4.8 (0 to 30) 17.8 ± 10.4 (6 to 84) <0.001
Mean minutes from trauma scene to ER (±SD) 59 (±39) 64 (±40) 0.115 66 (±44) 69 (±44) 0.464
Mean minutes from hospital admission including ER and operation theater to ICU transfer (±SD) 303 (±144) 350 (±140) <0.001 290 (±147) 337 (±143) 0.001
  1. aAIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; FFP, fresh frozen plasma; pRBC, packed red blood cell; SD, standard deviation; ER, emergency room; ICU, intensive care unit.