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  1. Content type: Research

    Ischemic stroke causes brain inflammation, which we postulate may result in lung damage. Several studies have focused on stroke-induced immunosuppression and lung infection; however, the possibility that strok...

    Authors: Cynthia S. Samary, Alane B. Ramos, Lígia A. Maia, Nazareth N. Rocha, Cíntia L. Santos, Raquel F. Magalhães, Amanda L. Clevelario, Pedro M. Pimentel-Coelho, Rosália Mendez-Otero, Fernanda F. Cruz, Vera L. Capelozzi, Tatiana P. T. Ferreira, Thea Koch, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Claudia C. dos Santos, Paolo Pelosi…

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:249

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  2. Content type: Research

    Previous studies have identified critical roles of IL-27 in the pathological mechanisms of sepsis, and blockade of IL-27 may be a promising alternative therapy for sepsis. The purpose of this study was to eval...

    Authors: Junbing He, Quanfu Zhang, Wenying Zhang, Feng Chen, Tian Zhao, Yao Lin, Jia Li, Yansong Liu, Yuchun Liu and Yiming Shao

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:248

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  3. Content type: Viewpoint

    Nutritional support continues to receive much attention as a possible intervention to prevent loss of lean tissue mass, promote recovery and re-establish proper immune function in critical care patients. Yet t...

    Authors: Gustav van Niekerk, Tanja Davis, Willem de Villiers and Anna-Mart Engelbrecht

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:231

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  4. Content type: Research

    Percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) is a common procedure in critical care medicine. No definite clinical practice guidelines recommended on the choice of the direction of skin incision, vertical or transverse for ...

    Authors: Sung Yoon Lim, Won Gun Kwack, Youlim Kim, Yeon Joo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Ho Il Yoon, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee and Young-Jae Cho

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:246

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  5. Content type: Research

    The use of in vivo videomicroscopy at the bedside has demonstrated microcirculatory flow disturbances in sepsis. The ability of in vivo videomicroscopy to detect changes in the prevalence of rolling and adhere...

    Authors: Bjorn K. Fabian-Jessing, Michael J. Massey, Michael R. Filbin, Peter C. Hou, Henry E. Wang, Hans Kirkegaard, Donald M. Yealy, William C. Aird, John A. Kellum, Derek C. Angus and Nathan I. Shapiro

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:240

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  6. Content type: Research

    Preparing an antibiotic stewardship program requires detailed information on overall antibiotic use, prescription indication and ecology. However, longitudinal data of this kind are scarce. Computerization of ...

    Authors: Liesbet De Bus, Bram Gadeyne, Johan Steen, Jerina Boelens, Geert Claeys, Dominique Benoit, Jan De Waele, Johan Decruyenaere and Pieter Depuydt

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:241

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  7. Content type: Research

    Concepts for optimizing mechanical ventilation focus mainly on modifying the inspiratory phase. We propose flow-controlled expiration (FLEX) as an additional means for lung protective ventilation and hypothesi...

    Authors: Silke Borgmann, Johannes Schmidt, Ulrich Goebel, Joerg Haberstroh, Josef Guttmann and Stefan Schumann

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:245

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  8. Content type: Research

    The prognosis in refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at hospital arrival is often considered dismal. The use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resu...

    Authors: Emilie Gregers, Jesper Kjærgaard, Freddy Lippert, Jakob H. Thomsen, Lars Køber, Michael Wanscher, Christian Hassager and Helle Søholm

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:242

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  9. Content type: Research

    Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) reduce colonization with antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (ARGNB), incidence of nosocomial in...

    Authors: E. de Jonge, R. B. P. de Wilde, N. P. Juffermans, E. A. N. Oostdijk, A. T. Bernards, E. H. R. van Essen, E. J. Kuijper, C. E. Visser, J. Kesecioglu and M. J. M. Bonten

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:243

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:296

  10. Content type: Research

    There is controversy around the prescription of adjunct corticosteroids in patients with fluid-refractory septic shock, and studies provide mixed results, showing benefit, no benefit, and harm. Traditional mea...

    Authors: Matthew N. Alder, Amy M. Opoka and Hector R. Wong

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:244

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:318

  11. Content type: Research

    Commensal microbiota deteriorate in critically ill patients. The preventive effects of probiotic/synbiotic therapy on microbiota and septic complications have not been thoroughly clarified in patients with sep...

    Authors: Kentaro Shimizu, Tomoki Yamada, Hiroshi Ogura, Tomoyoshi Mohri, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Satoshi Fujimi, Takashi Asahara, Tomomi Yamada, Masahiro Ojima, Mitsunori Ikeda and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:239

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  12. Content type: Research

    Diaphragm dysfunction develops frequently in ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Both disuse atrophy (ventilator over-assist) and high respiratory muscle effort (ventilator under-assist) seem to be ...

    Authors: Diana Jansen, Annemijn H. Jonkman, Lisanne Roesthuis, Suvarna Gadgil, Johannes G. van der Hoeven, Gert-Jan J. Scheffer, Armand Girbes, Jonne Doorduin, Christer S. Sinderby and Leo M. A. Heunks

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:238

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  13. Content type: Research

    A reanalysis of the ALBIOS trial suggested that patients with septic shock - defined by vasopressor-dependent hypotension in the presence of severe sepsis (Shock-2) - had a survival benefit when treated with a...

    Authors: Francesco Vasques, Eleonora Duscio, Federica Romitti, Iacopo Pasticci, Pietro Caironi, Jennifer Meessen, Roberto Latini, Massimo Cressoni, Luigi Camporota, Antonio Pesenti, Roberto Fumagalli, Michael Quintel and Luciano Gattinoni

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:237

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  14. Content type: Review

    Antimicrobials are among the most important and commonly prescribed drugs in the management of critically ill patients and beta-lactams are the most common antibiotic class used. Critically ill patient’s patho...

    Authors: Rui Pedro Veiga and José-Artur Paiva

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:233

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  15. Content type: Research

    There is a lack of large-scale epidemiological data on the clinical practice of enteral nutrition (EN) feeding in China. This study aimed to provide such data on Chinese hospitals and to investigate factors as...

    Authors: Juan Xing, Zhongheng Zhang, Lu Ke, Jing Zhou, Bingyu Qin, Hongkai Liang, Xiaomei Chen, Wenming Liu, Zhongmin Liu, Yuhang Ai, Difeng Wang, Qiuhui Wang, Qingshan Zhou, Fusen Zhang, Kejian Qian, Dongpo Jiang…

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:229

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:315

  16. Content type: Research

    Although net ultrafiltration (UFNET) is frequently used for treatment of fluid overload in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury, the optimal intensity of UFNET is unclear. Among critically ill patient...

    Authors: Raghavan Murugan, Vikram Balakumar, Samantha J. Kerti, Priyanka Priyanka, Chung-Chou H. Chang, Gilles Clermont, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paul M. Palevsky and John A. Kellum

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:223

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  17. Content type: Research

    Patients liberated from invasive mechanical ventilation are at risk of extubation failure, including inability to breathe without a tracheal tube (airway failure) or without mechanical ventilation (non-airway ...

    Authors: Samir Jaber, Hervé Quintard, Raphael Cinotti, Karim Asehnoune, Jean-Michel Arnal, Christophe Guitton, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Paer Abback, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Karim Lakhal, Sigismond Lasocki, Gaetan Plantefeve, Bernard Claud, Julien Pottecher, Philippe Corne, Carole Ichai…

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:236

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  18. Content type: Review

    Sepsis is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. The majority of sepsis cases and deaths are estimated to occur in low and middle-income countries. Barriers to reducing the global burden of sepsi...

    Authors: Kristina E. Rudd, Niranjan Kissoon, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sotharith Bory, Birungi Mutahunga, Christopher W. Seymour, Derek C. Angus and T. Eoin West

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:232

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  19. Content type: Research

    The open lung approach (OLA) reportedly has lung-protective effects against acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recently, lowering of the driving pressure (ΔP), rather than improvement in lung aeration...

    Authors: Kentaro Tojo, Tasuku Yoshida, Takuya Yazawa and Takahisa Goto

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:228

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  20. Content type: Research

    Frailty is a state of vulnerability to poor resolution of homeostasis after a stressor event and is strongly associated with adverse outcomes. Therefore, the assessment of frailty may be an essential part of e...

    Authors: Ralph K. L. So, Jonathan Bannard-Smith, Chris P. Subbe, Daryl A. Jones, Joost van Rosmalen and Geoffrey K. Lighthall

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:227

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  21. Content type: Research

    For critically ill patients, effective airway management with a high first-attempt success rate for endotracheal intubation is essential to prevent hypoxic complications during securing of the airway. Video gu...

    Authors: Jörn Grensemann, Lars Eichler, Nuowei Wang, Dominik Jarczak, Marcel Simon and Stefan Kluge

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:235

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  22. Content type: Research

    Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has been used to guide mechanical ventilation in ICU patients with lung collapse. Its use in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases has been rare since obstructions ...

    Authors: Christian Karagiannidis, Andreas D. Waldmann, Péter L. Róka, Tina Schreiber, Stephan Strassmann, Wolfram Windisch and Stephan H. Böhm

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:221

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  23. Content type: Research

    Neurocritical illness is a growing healthcare problem with profound socioeconomic effects. We assessed differences in healthcare costs and long-term outcome for different forms of neurocritical illnesses treat...

    Authors: R. Raj, S. Bendel, M. Reinikainen, S. Hoppu, R. Laitio, T. Ala-Kokko, S. Curtze and M. B. Skrifvars

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:225

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  24. Content type: Research

    Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG), interpreted by an experienced neurologist, has been reported to be useful in predicting neurological outcome in adult patients post cardiac arrest. Amplitude-integrate...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Kazuki Miyazaki, Takuto Ishida, Takahiro Tanabe and Yuichi Hamabe

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:226

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    The Letter to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:346

  25. Content type: Research

    Nitric oxide (NO) regulates processes involved in sepsis progression, including vascular and immune function. NO is generated by nitric oxide synthases (NOS) from L-arginine. Cellular L-arginine uptake is inhi...

    Authors: Martin Sebastian Winkler, Axel Nierhaus, Gilbert Rösler, Susanne Lezius, Olaf Harlandt, Edzard Schwedhelm, Rainer H. Böger and Stefan Kluge

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:216

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  26. Content type: Viewpoint

    Despite timely intervention, there exists a small subgroup of patients with septic shock who develop progressive multi-organ failure. Seemingly refractory to conventional therapy, they exhibit a very high mort...

    Authors: Prashanth Nandhabalan, Nicholas Ioannou, Christopher Meadows and Duncan Wyncoll

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:215

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  27. Content type: Research

    Despite increasing female enrolment into medical schools, persistent gender gaps exist in the physician workforce. There are limited published data on female representation in the critical care medicine workfo...

    Authors: Bala Venkatesh, Sangeeta Mehta, Derek C. Angus, Simon Finfer, Flavia R. Machado, John Marshall, Imogen Mitchell, Sandra Peake and Janice L. Zimmerman

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:211

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  28. Content type: Research

    Respiratory variations in the inferior vena cava diameter (ΔIVCD) have been studied extensively with respect to their value in predicting fluid responsiveness, but the results are conflicting. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Haijun Huang, Qinkang Shen, Yafen Liu, Hua Xu and Yixin Fang

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:204

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  29. Content type: Research

    The consistently observed male predominance of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) has raised concerns about gender-based disparities in ICU access. Comparing rates of ICU admission requires choosing a nor...

    Authors: Allan Garland, Kendiss Olafson, Clare D. Ramsey, Marina Yogendranc and Randall Fransoo

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:208

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:291

  30. Content type: Research

    Amikacin infusion requires targeting a peak serum concentration (Cmax) 8–10 times the minimal inhibitory concentration, corresponding to a Cmax of 60–80 mg/L for the least susceptible bacteria to theoretically pr...

    Authors: Cyril Touchard, Alexandra Aubry, Philippine Eloy, Nicolas Bréchot, Guillaume Lebreton, Guillaume Franchineau, Sebastien Besset, Guillaume Hékimian, Ania Nieszkowska, Pascal Leprince, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Alain Combes and Matthieu Schmidt

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:199

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  31. Content type: Research

    Transthoracic 3D cardiac analysis is enticing in its potential simplicity and wealth of data available. It has been suggested to be accurate vs magnetic resonance imaging in relatively stable patients, but fea...

    Authors: Sam Orde, Michel Slama, Nicola Stanley, Stephen Huang and Anthony Mclean

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:198

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  32. Content type: Research

    Microcirculatory dysfunction develops in both septic and cardiogenic shock patients, and it is associated with poor prognosis in patients with septic shock. Information on the association between microcirculat...

    Authors: Yu-Chang Yeh, Chen-Tse Lee, Chih-Hsien Wang, Yu-Kang Tu, Chien-Heng Lai, Yin-Chin Wang, Anne Chao, Chi-Hsiang Huang, Ya-Jung Cheng and Yih-Sharng Chen

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:200

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    The Letter to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:281

  33. Content type: Research

    Lung ultrasound may be a reasonable alternative to chest radiography for the identification of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the diagnostic performance of lung ultrasound for ARDS is uncertai...

    Authors: Kay Choong See, Venetia Ong, Yi Lin Tan, Juliet Sahagun and Juvel Taculod

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:203

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  34. Content type: Research

    The early prediction of acute kidney injury (AKI) can facilitate timely intervention and prevent complications. We aimed to understand the predictive value of urinary liver-type fatty-acid binding protein (L-F...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Naruse, Junnichi Ishii, Hiroshi Takahashi, Fumihiko Kitagawa, Hideto Nishimura, Hideki Kawai, Takashi Muramatsu, Masahide Harada, Akira Yamada, Sadako Motoyama, Shigeru Matsui, Mutsuharu Hayashi, Masayoshi Sarai, Eiichi Watanabe, Hideo Izawa and Yukio Ozaki

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:197

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    The Letter to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:304

  35. Content type: Research

    Dyscarbia is common in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients and its association to neurological outcome is undetermined.

    Authors: Florian Ebner, Matt B. A. Harmon, Anders Aneman, Tobias Cronberg, Hans Friberg, Christian Hassager, Nicole Juffermans, Jesper Kjærgaard, Michael Kuiper, Niklas Mattsson, Paolo Pelosi, Susann Ullén, Johan Undén, Matt P. Wise and Niklas Nielsen

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:196

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