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Table 4 Results of the multivariable analyses for risk factors for CAPA

From: Corticosteroids as risk factor for COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis in intensive care patients

  Cases control cohort n = 215 Mechanically ventilated patients only n = 173
p value OR 95% CI for OR p value OR 95% CI for OR
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Male gender 0.068 2.564 0.932 7.051 0.160 2.102 0.745 5.929
Age (years) 0.490 1.012 0.978 1.047 0.208 1.024 0.987 1.062
Dexamethasone therapy 0.031 3.110 1.112 8.697 0.036 3.039 1.076 8.583
BMI (kg/m2) 0.409 1.024 0.968 1.083 0.320 1.031 0.971 1.094
SAPS on admission 0.000 1.063 1.028 1.098 0.002 1.055 1.020 1.091
Corticosteroids on admission 0.099 2.373 0.850 6.622 0.211 1.927 0.690 5.384
Lung disease 0.437 1.352 0.632 2.894 0.483 1.319 0.608 2.859
Renal disease 0.059 2.722 0.963 7.693 0.170 2.136 0.722 6.323
Diabetes 0.981 0.991 0.446 2.199 0.890 0.944 0.418 2.132
Cancer 0.375 1.794 0.493 6.524 0.426 1.697 0.462 6.240
  1. P-value ≤ 0.05 was defined as statistically significant and presented as bold
  2. SAPS, simplified acute physiology score; OR, odds ratio; BMI, body mass index