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Table 1 Basic characteristics

From: Novel protocol combining physical and nutrition therapies, Intensive Goal-directed REhabilitation with Electrical muscle stimulation and Nutrition (IGREEN) care bundle

  IGREEN Standard care p value
n = 56 n = 45
Age, yr 70.9 (14.5) 70.9 (14.2) 1
Sex, M, n (%) 39 (69.6) 34 (75.6) 0.66
Body height, cm 162.4 (9.5) 162.9 (11.7) 0.82
Body weight, kg 59.0 (12.6) 57.6 (13.5) 0.60
SOFA 7.9 (2.9) 7.8 (3.1) 0.93
APACHE II 17.7 (6.5) 16.0 (5.7) 0.17
CCI, median (IQR) 1.0 (1.0, 2.0) 1.0 (0.0, 2.0) 0.33
Difficulty walking before admission, n (%) 6 (10.7) 3 (6.7) 0.72
MUST 2.6 (1.0) 2.6 (0.9) 0.85
preICU hospital stay, d, median (IQR) 0.0 (0.0, 0.0) 0.0 (0.0, 0.0) 0.45
Diagnosis, n (%)    0.48
 Cardiopulmonary arrest 4 (7.1) 4 (8.9)  
 Cardiovascular 4 (7.1) 6 (13.3)  
 Endocrine and metabolic disorders 5 (8.9) 1 (2.2)  
 GI bleeding 1 (1.8) 0 (0.0)  
 Post-surgery 3 (5.4) 4 (8.9)  
 Respiratory failure 6 (10.7) 2 (4.4)  
 Sepsis 24 (42.9) 18 (40.0)  
 Stroke 2 (3.6) 5 (11.1)  
 Trauma 7 (12.5) 5 (11.1)  
Laboratory data on day 1    
 BUN, mg/dL, median (IQR) 23.4 (18.0, 38.4) 26.8 (17.7, 45.5) 0.51
 Creatinine, mg/dL, median (IQR) 1.0 (0.8, 1.6) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.45
 Albumin, mg/dL 3.0 (0.6) 2.9 (0.6) 0.63
 TLC, /mm3, median (IQR) 819 (570, 1092) 678 (392, 1085) 0.21
 CRP, mg/dL, median (IQR) 4.3 (1.4, 8.4) 6.4 (2.2, 14.8) 0.15
  1. SOFA sequential organ failure assessment score, APACHE II acute physiological and chronic health evaluation II score, CCI Charlson comorbidity index, MUST malnutrition universal screening tool, BUN blood urea nitrogen, TLC total lymphocyte count
  2. Data are shown as means (SD) unless otherwise noted